GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

19 July 2011


Fires in Eastern Russia


NASA image courtesy the MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC.

A thick curtain of smoke hangs over the forests of Siberia in this natural color image taken by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Terra satellite on July 18, 2011. Several large forest fires had been burning throughout Siberia in previous days. As of July 17, fire was burning on 1,341 hectares (3,314 acres), reported RIA Novosti. The fires burning on July 18 are marked in red.

The fires shown in this image surround the Lena River, which is hidden under the smoke. Fires are common in the forests of Russia during the summer. The majority of those burning near populated areas are started by people. Though some of these fires are burning near settlements, none are threatening populated areas, said RIA Novosti. Sakha (Yakutia), the district shown in the image, was one of the three districts most affected by fire in mid-July.

Fire danger map for June for Eastern Siberia:


Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany has been displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm

Latest Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) map for Eurasia (today)
Note: The components of the Fire Weather Index and the meteorological data below are updated daily at ca. 15:00 GMT/UTC by the Northern Forestry Centre, Canada. In the list below the latest maps (including the FWI) can be downloaded. These maps will provide the information at the date of clicking on the link.

Fire Weather Index Components Meteorological Data Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) Precipitation Duff Moisture Code (DMC) Relative humidity Drought Code (DC) Temperature Initial Spread Index (ISI) Wind direction Buildup Index (BUI) Wind speed Fire Weather Index (FWI)

Latest Situation Updates of the Aerial Forest Fire Centre of Russia
Wildfire situation report of the Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana) 18 July, 2011
According to the wildfire situation report of 18 July 2011 a total of
118 fires affected 7442 ha forested and 1057 ha non-forested lands.
38 fires of them were reported as new fires.
An except 22 fires were put out the same day they have been discovered.

Through all of Russia 3358 people 56 aircraft, 420
bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Since the beginning of the 2011 fire season a total of 15548 fires
affected 780111 ha forested and 249330 ha non-forested
lands of the Forest Fund of Russia.

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Arkhangelsk region – 40
Saha republic (Yakutia) – 24
Krasnoyarsk region – 19

Satellite-derived fire information

Avialesookhrana provides also up-to-date satellite images for the Russian Federation and neighboring territories.

click to enlarge (360 KB)
Latest (19 July 2011 09:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection).
For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible. The FIRMS is offering an experimental version of MODIS Keyhole Markup Language (KML) time series showing Collection 5 active fire/hotspot detections by animating the location of fires that have occurred in the region in the last 48 hours (Google Earth must be installed):
http://firefly.geog.umd.edu/kml/download.php?file=Russia_and_Asia_48h.kml

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

https://i1.wp.com/gfmc.online/wp-content/uploads/ru_fire_legend-1.gif?resize=152%2C110&ssl=1 (937 Byte)

click to enlarge (29 KB)

Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days:

Overview

Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  19 July 2011 (selection):

   

Sakhalin Region Yakutia (Saha Republic) Khabarovsk Kray

More maps of other regions are available on request: info@gfmc.org

From the Media

Fire situation on the territory of the Russian Federation from the 19. July 2011

91 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area 5 007.15 hectares have been registered in the Russian Federation within twenty four hours. 104 hotbeds with the area of 7 092.39 ha have been extinguished. 164 hotbeds, including those emerged earlier and 18 large ones continue burning, the area of active burning is 530.15 ha, 13 445.22 ha has been contained.

Within the past twenty four hours 104 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area of 7 092.39 hectares were extinguished, including 37 with the area of 485.58 ha extinguished on the day of detection.

Within twenty four hours wildfires have gone 5 007.15 hectares, including 4 166.96 hectares – forest land, 839.0 hectares – steppe land and 1.19 ha – peat land.

164 hotbeds of wildfires (the area of active burning is 530.15 hectares, 13 445.22 ha have been contained) continue burning. Of these 163 fires are on the forest lands (FFA), 1 (Buryat Republic) – on specially protected lands. Including 18 large fire with the area 7 901.0 ha (1 hotbed with the area of 3 280.0 in Sakha (Ykutia) Republic, 1 hotbed with the area of 350.0 ha in Komi Republic and 16 hotbeds with the area of 4 271.0 in Arkhangelsk Region).

There are 21 uncontrolled undergrowth burning sites and 3 hotbeds of waste burning on the territory of the Russian Federation.

4 698 people and 585 units of equipment were involved to extinguish wildfires. Of those involved:

Compared to the previous 24 hours there is a fall in the number of wildfires (by 13 hotbeds) and in the areas on fire (by 2 085.84 ha).

The most difficult situation with fires remains in Sakha (Yakutia) and Komi Republics, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Irkutsk and Arkhangelsk Regions (hard to reach areas, unfavorable weather conditions).

Given the weather forecast, the emergency wildfire situation will remain in the far Eastern, Volga, Southern, North Caucasian and Northwestern Federal Districts: in Chukotka Autonomous District, Orenburg, Saratov, Astrakhan, Volgograd and Arkhangelsk Regions, the Republics of Dagestan and Kalmykia. 

Change in area and number of active fire hotbeds

Federal Districts
(Subjects with the most difficult situation)

Wildfires burning
number /area of active burning/
total area, ha/
including large ones (area, ha)

Dynamics of change
in number of hotbeds
and areas on fire

as of 16.07.2011

as of 17.07.2011

Sakha (Yakutia) Republic

17/30,72
3424,0
1/2300,0

17/41,83
5338,0
1/3280,0

No changes

Increase by 1914,0 ha

Khabarovsk Territory

0/0,0
0,0
0/0,0

2/1,7
10,0
0/0,0

Increase by 2 hotbeds

Increase by 10,0 ha

Amur Region

4/7,0
89,0
0/0,0

5/9,4
131,0
0/0,0

Increase by 1 hotbed

Increase by 42,0 ha

Magadan Region

0/0,0
0,0
0/0,0

1/1,06
5,0
0/0,0

Increase by 1 hotbeds

Increase by 5,0 ha

Chukotka Autonomous District

4/5,1
254,0
0/0,0

1/1,0
35,0
0/0,0

Decrease by 3 hotbeds

Decrease by 219,0 ha

Far Eastern FD 

25/42,82
3767,0
1/2300,0

26/57,99
5519,0
1/3280,0

Increase by 1 hotbed 

Increase by 2390,5 ha

Krasnoyarsk Territory

17/30,60
1682,5
1/1110,0

15/24,15
780,7
0/0,0

Decrease by 2 hotbeds

Decrease by 901,8 ha

Irkutsk Region

32/31,11
754,0
0/0

23/21,53
 379,5
0/0

Decrease by 9 hotbeds

Decrease by 374,5 ha

Zabaikalsky Territory

1/2,09
 70,0
0/0

1/2,09
70,0
0/0

No changes

No chqnges

Buryat Republic

5/3,28
49,8
0/0

9/7,07
111,0
0/0

Increase by 4 hotbeds

Increase by 61,2 ha

Siberian FD 

55/ 67,08
2556,3
1/1110,0

48/ 54,84
1341,2
0/0,0

Decrease by 7 hotbeds 

Decrease by 1215,1 ha

Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District

1/0,99
163,0,0
0/0

2/0,35
20,5
0/0

Increase by 1 hotbeds

Decrease by 142,5 ha

Urals FD 

1/0,99
163,0
0/0

2/0,35
20,5
0/0

Increase by 1 hotbed 

Decrease by 142,5 ha

Nizhny Novgorod Region

1/0,3
0,3
0/0

0/0,0
0,0
0/0

Decrease by 1 hotbed

Decrease by 0,3 ha

Volga FD 

1/0,3
0,3
0/0

0/0,0
0,0
0/0

Decrease by 1 ha 

Decrease by 0,3 ha

Republic of Karelia

14/3,5
261,3
0/0

7/5,0
198,0
0/0

Decrease by 7 hotbeds

Decrease by 63,3 ha

Komi Republic

15/225,4
2254,00
3/1130

13/134,27
1342,70
1/350

Decrease by 2 hotbeds

Decrease by 911,3 ha

Arkhangelsk Region

66/337,3
7058,71
19/6243

67/277,7
5553,94
16/4271

Increase by 1 hotbed

Decrease by 1504,77 ha

Murmansk Region

0/0
0
0/0

1/0
0,3
0/0

Increase by 1 hotbed

Increase by 0,03 ha

Northwestern FD 

95/566,2
9574,01
22/7373

88/416,97
7094,67
17/4621

Decrease by 7 hotbeds 

Decrease by 2479,34 ha

Overall in the RF 

177/677,39
16060,61
24/10783,0

164/677,39
13975,31
18/7901,0

Decrease by 13 hotbeds 

Decrease by 2085,24 ha

Source: EMERCOM of Russia

Recent Media Reports on Fires in the Russian Federation

For more reports see GFMC Media page: https://gfmc.online/media-highlights-on-fire-policies-and-politics.html

Recent video coverage of wildland fires and politics in Russia

2011 wildland fire videos including interviews by the Federal Forest Agency of Russia (Rosleskhoz)
http://www.rosleshoz.gov.ru/media/video

News from 15 April 2011
http://www.1tv.ru/news/social/174762

News from 22 April 2011
http://www.1tv.ru/news/social/175158

Background on Wildland Fires in the Russian Federation

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V. Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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