During the last five years the countries of the Mesoamerica Region (all countries between Mexico and Panama) have suffered excessive land-use fires and wildfires in the lowlands and the mountain forests. As a consequence of the severe fire episode during the El Niño drought of 1998 a series of cooperative efforts in wildland fire management were initiated within Mesoamerica. International support has facilitated a number of national and multinational fire management projects in the region. A Mesoamerica Regional Forest Fire Meeting in 2002 provided the foundation for regional cooperation in fire management. In March 2006 the Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo (CCAD) officially released the regional “Centralamerican Strategy for Wildland Fire Management”. It was elaborated by the Network Focal Points, together with the assistance of FAO and GFMC.