Integrated Forest Fire Management (IFFM) Project

East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 1994-2004

The “Integrated Forest Fire Management Project” (IFFM) was a Technical Cooperation Project under bilateral agreement between the Governments of Indonesia and Germany. It was conducted under the responsibility of the Ministry of Forestry (MoF) of Indonesia, implemented by Kanwil and Dinas Kehutanan (Kaliman­tan Timur) and assisted by the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). Initially, the project was scheduled for a total period of 6 years. The first 3-year­pilot-phase began in April 1994 and included the preparation of a financial contribution by the German Bank for Reconstruction (KfW). Finally, the project was extended up to 2004 with a total duration of 10.5 years.

The background and rationale for the project go back to the early 1980s. In 1982/83 the extended wildfires, caused by land-use fires, raged several months through Kalimantan and neighbouring Malaysia, burning an estimated 3.7 Mill hectares (ha) of forests. Large forest fires occurred again in 1986 and 1991 resulting in massive environmental damages and regional smoke pollution. Following the forest fires during the period Sep­tember/October 1991, the Federal Republic of Ger­many responded a request for assistance by the Indonesian Government. In June 1992, the framework of a national “Long-term Integrated Fire Management System for Indonesia” was elaborated as the result of an international workshop held in Bandung. The fact that no sufficiently developed fire management system exists was identified as be­ing the core problem. The IFFM project, based on this workshop, began in April 1994.

The following documents are stemming from the archive of the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC), which in 1992 initiated the concept and supported GTZ in the project planning and implementation:

German expert staff at the IFFM project were recruited from GFMC. From left to right: Georg Buchholz, Anja Hoffmann and Hartmut Abberger. The project leaders were: Douglas Bird, Ludwig Schindler and Helmut Dotzauer.

Project Flyers

Publications and Outcomes of Thematic Conferences

Initial background publication

The following publication was preceding and one of the background documents for the initiation of the IFFM project:

Thematic conference in Indonesia and ASEAN Region

The following website provides an overview and outcomes of the conferences organized in Indonesia and neighboring Malaysia and Singapore starting in 1996:

Publications in context of the 1997-1998 fire and smoke pollution episode

Community-based Fire Management promotion materials

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