Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Neighbouring Countries
The Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) provides daily updated maps with satellite-derived geographical locations of active fires of the last two days (updated very three hours) in Brazil and neighboring countries, including map layers with information on clouds, fire risk, smoke dispersion, and vegetation type. A special web page provides information on the fire situation in protected areas:
The Integrated Inter-agency Fire Operations Coordination Center of Brazil (Ciman), in cooperation with INPE, provides a web page with near-real-time updated locations of wildfires, status of ongoing fire suppression operations and information on the fire management units involved:
Biomass Burning Monitoring Team of the University of Wisconsin-Madison
At the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) the biomass burning monitoring team is using the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) to detect and monitor fires and smoke associated with wildfires, prescribed burns, deforestation and other agricultural applications throughout the Western Hemisphere.
The Center for Weather Forecasts and Climate Studies (CPTEC) – of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) is the gateway of Brazil to high-quality meteorological forecasts. The computer system receives information derived from Meteosat and GOES satellites, meteorological observational data from GTS Network of the WMO (World Meteorological Organization) and from the Brazilian Network which is under the responsibility of INMET (Ministry of Agriculture). Additional information comes from the DEPV (Air Force), DHN (Navy), state meteorological centers and from other international centers. The Brazilian satellite (SCD-1) collects important environmental data and information for the meteorological research at INPE.
Vegetation fires in Argentina occur in a broad range of different ecosystems. For fire background information see: Pre-publication of the Argentina Country Report “Forest Fire Situation in Argentina“ (from FAO Forest Resources Assessment 2000, Global Forest Fire Assessment 1990-2000).
For historic remotely sensed images see the GFMC archive: