GFMC: Fire Management Glossaries


FAO / GFMC Wildland Fire Management Terminology

In 1999 the GFMC was entrusted by the FAO to develop an update of the 1986 version of the FAO Wildland Fire Management Terminology. The revised version with English definitions and partial translation to French, Spanish, and German (see: editorial remarks) is now available (December 2003)

The FAO Glossary of Fire Management Terms is also available and searchable at the FAOTERM Terminology Database.

 Russian and Mongolian added in 2008 and further refined / upgraded in 2014 and complemented in 2022

As a follow-up of the First International Central Asian Wildland Fire Joint Conference and Consultation “Wildland Fires in Natural Ecosystems of the Central Asian Region: Ecology and Management Implications” (2-6 June 2008, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia), and at the occasion of the International Conference on Cross-Border Fires (16-18 June 2010, Irkutsk, Russian Federation) the GFMC launched the first version of the English – Russian – Mongolian – German glossary:

In preparation of the establishment of the Regional Central Asia Fire Management Resource Center (RCAFMRC) in 2015 and for the facilitation of the Mongolian-Russian cooperation in cross-border fire management a detailed fire management terminology in Mongolian language was developed and the Russian version upgraded by Mongolian and Russian fire specialists and the GFMC in 2014. Printed copies of this GFMC publication are available upon request in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. For the digital version click on the envelope:

In addition, a new multilingual “Dictionary on Disaster and Fire Safety” (English, Japanese, Mongolian, Russian, French and German) was published in 2022 by the School of Emergency, University of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs Mongolia, and the National Emergency Management Agency of Mongolia. Editors: Col. GANBAATAR Jamyansuren and Col. ARIUNAA Chadraabal (with foreword by GFMC); Ulaanbaatar, 331 p.

European Glossaries

A major outcome of the European Forest Fire Networks Project (EUFOFINET), an INTERREG IVC project (duration: October 2010 – December 2012) was the production of a “European Glossary for Wildfires and Forest Fires”. This online version has an updated index (compared to the print version of the first edition, October 2012)

The following Forest Fire Fighting Terms Handbook is one of the results of the F.I.R.E. 4 project that benefitted of financial support from the European Commission. Pocket-sized, simple and easy to consult, the book is dedicated to the forest fire fighters of different countries who work together in the field. The terms are provided in English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and Greek

The EU DG ECHO co-financed MEFISTO Project produced a glossary by joining three already available glossaries. The final version of the fully translated glossary is available in five paper versions, each of them base on a main language (English, French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish). GFMC remarks: Some definitions are not in line with the UNFAO / GFMC glossary.

Other Online Fire Terminologies

FireWords (by Systems for Environmental Management and Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory)

Wikifire – an open online collaborative dictionary of fire terms

Glossary of Wildland Fire Terminology (US National Wildfire Coordination Group, Incident Operations Standards Working Team, published in 1996 and 2006):

Australasian Fire Authorities Council (AFAC) Updated Wildfire Glossary (2012):

Tall Timbers Research Station (Florida, USA) offers the E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database, which contains the E. V. Komarek Fire Ecology Thesaurus:

Selected terms newly defined in the volume “Towards fire-smart landscapes” (2023)

Other online forestry and environmental glossaries, dictionaries and encyclopedias

Terminology Forum (termbanks, terminological data banks, terminology portals):

University of Wuerzburg website with links to important related environmental glossaries, dictionaries and encyclopedias:

The UNISDR Terminology aims to promote a common understanding and usage of disaster risk reduction concepts and to assist the disaster risk reduction efforts of authorities, practitioners and the public:

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
WP-Backgrounds Lite by InoPlugs Web Design and Juwelier Schönmann 1010 Wien