GFMC: México – Wildfire statistics extract: January 1st to April 19th, 2001

México: Mexican RepublicWildfire Statistics Extract
January 1st to April 19th, 2001.

Source: General Directorate for Forestry, Forest Protection Office


Tab.1. Number of wildfires and area burned in México.

Period

Wildfires (number)

Affected Areas (hectares)

Area per fire average (hectares)

Last week (April 13-19)

630

10,760.82

17.08

This season (January 1st- April 19th)

3,498

44,375.51

12.69

 

Tab.2. and Fig.1. Comparison of wildfire statistics: Number of wildfires
for the period 1996-2000 (long-term average), the extreme fire year 1998,
last year (2000) and this year (January 1st- April 19th).

Number of wildfires

1996-2000 Average

1998

2000

2001

5,324

8,315

4,818

3,498

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Tab.3. and Fig.2. Comparison of wildfire statistics: Area burned by wildfires (in ha)
for the period 1996-2000 (long-term average), the extreme fire year 1998,
last year (2000) and this year (January 1st- April 19th).

Period

Average 1996/2000

1998

2000 2001

Number of
Wildfires

Affected Areas
(hectars)

Number of
Wildfires

Affected Areas
(hectars)

Number of
Wildfires
Affected Areas
(hectars)
Number of
Wildfires
Affected Areas
(hectars)
January 1st- April 19th

5,324

85,826

8,315

190,399

4,818 71,202 3,498 44,376

click to enlarge (5 KB)

 

Tab.4. Difference from 2001 to for the period 1996-2000 (long-term average),
the extreme fire year 1998, last year (2000) and this year (January 1st- April 19th).

Difference from 2001 to

1996-2000

1998

2000

Number of
Wildfires

Affected Areas
(hectars)

Number of
Wildfires

Affected Areas
(hectars)

Number of
Wildfires

Affected Areas
(hectars)

-34%

-48%

-58%

-77%

-27%

-38%

 

Tab.5. and Fig.4. Distribution of the average number of wildfires in México during the months January (E)
to October (O) for the period 1995-2000 and the year 2000. 93% of the affected areas are
mainly grassland and brushland, and 7% of the area burned are tree forests and other wooded lands.

Number of wildfires

Month

Average
1995-2000

2000

J

319

429

F

890

894

M

1860

1644

A

2628

2813

M

2168

2179

J

862

511

J

109

36

A

33

51

S

6

0

O

0

0

click to enlarge (5 KB)

 

Impressions of fire use, wildfire effects and fire suppression in Mexico:

click to enlarge (5 KB)

Fig.2. Area burned by a large wildfire in the Mexican state of Puebla in 1998.
The fire was started by the fireworks of a religious procession. The extreme fire
behaviour (fast spread) caused the death of 18 people while they tried to control it.

 

click to enlarge (5 KB)

Fig.1. A view of the ancient method of the “Roza, Tumba y Quema” (cut, chop and burn),
used to clear large areas of forest or jungle and prepare them to agricultural purposes.
This area has not been burned but we can see the large accumulations of fuel.

 

click to enlarge (5 KB)

Fig.3. SEMARNAT and military crews working together in a control line.
The cooperation between these two agencies has given good results adding
the resources to each other.

 

Daily updated fire weather and fire danger information in Mexico are provided under the GFMC Global, Regional and National Fire Weather Forecasts.


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