Since the late 1960s the Indonesian state of East Kalimantan has witnessed a marked increase in the impact of human activities – chiefly commercial logging and agricultural exploitation. Located on the island of Borneo, East Kalimantan also was subjected to prolonged droughts and extensive wildfires in 1982-83 and 1997-98 that were linked to the EI Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. The changes in the rainforest ecosystem in East Kalimantan during this 15-year cycle of severe ENSO events are the subject of this book. With an eye toward development of rehabilitation techniques for sustainable forest management, the authors examine possible interactive effects of drought, fire, and human impacts on the flora and fauna of the area. The chapters covering fire occurrence and effects are:
T.Mori: Effects of droughts and forest fires on Dipterocarp forests in East Kalimantan
P.Matius et al.: Droughts and fire impacts on forest ecosystems
T.Toma et al.: Dynamics of burned lowland Dipterocarp forest stands in Bukit Soeharto, East Kalimantan
Y.Kiyono and Hastaniah: Flowering and fruiting phenologies of Dipterocarps in a rainforest in Bukit Soeharto, East Kalimantan
H.Makihara et al.: The effect of drought and fires on Coleopteran insects in lowland Dipterocarp forests in Bukit Soeharto, East Kalimantan
Additional chapters deal with the impact of traditional slash-and-burn agriculture systems. This book, together with the proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Asian Tropical Forest Management (see below) provide the latest state-of-the-art knowledge on fire in tropical lowland rainforest ecosystems of the region.
Guhardja, E., M.Fatawi, M.Sutisna, T.Mori, and S.Ohta (eds.) 2000. Rainforest ecosystems of East Kalimantan. Ecological Studies 140, Springer Verlag, Tokyo, Berlin, Heidelberg, 330 p. (ISBN 4-431-70272-5)