GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

02 May 2003

Latest Satellite Image: 

MODIS Scene from 30 April 2003, showing fire acticities in eastern Russia.


Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. 
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)


Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 27 April 2003

For the last days fire activities retain very severe in Far East and Eastern Siberia.  Almost all fires reported last day have occurred there.

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 27April 2003 a total of 308 fires affected 6,163 ha forested and 2,763 ha non-forested areas. 99 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 30 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.

Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 3,097 fires affected 70,733 ha forested and 25,624 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 1,655 fires had burnt 8,895 ha forested and 2,214 ha non-forested lands.)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

  • Chita region – 157 fires

  • Buriatia – 72

  • Irkutsk – 8

  • Khabarovsk – 55

  • Amur – 11

Large fires were reported in:

  • Chita region – 57 fires, the biggest is 2,580 ha. 31 of them-are contained. For last day was put out 9 large fires here.

  • Buriatia 1-9 fires, the biggest is 1,900 ha

  • Irkutsk -2 fires, the biggest is 185 ha

  • Khabarovsk-7 fires, the biggest is 3,500 ha

Large fire in Khingan preserve (Amur region, a preserve under the responsibility of MNR as well) contained on 7,000 ha forested and 35,000 ha non-forested land. 
Through all of Russia 4015 people, 36 aircraft, 647 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)


Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries


Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.


ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries


Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Latest maps maps showing fire activities (selection)

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Buryatiya Republic Buryatiya Republic Amurskaya Oblast

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Amurskaya Oblast Amurskaya Oblast Chitinskaya Oblast

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Chitinskaya Oblast Chitinskaya Oblast Chitinskaya Oblast

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:


Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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