The Meteorological Service of Singapore reports on 13 January 2000 for the South East Asian region: “An active Northeast monsoon continues to affect this region. Generally cloudy with scattered showers and thunderstorms. No hot spots or smoke haze were observed .”
Fig. 1. Regional Surface Winds and Haze/Hot Spot Map, 17 January 2000
Forecasts of winds and surface pressure are available at http://www.gov.sg/metsin/flm.html
Fig. 2.-7. Fire Weather Index (FWI) forecast for tomorrow (left), this week (center) and the predicted FWI anomaly for next month (right) for the Western Pacific and the Pacific Ocean. The daily forecast usually refers to 12:00 hrs noon UTC (Greenwich) time, but is currently not available; the weekly total forecast and the monthly forecasted anomaly refer to 00:00 hrs UTC which is local noon at dateline (180° longitude). Forecast time is 12:00 hrs noon UTC (Greenwich) corresponding to local evening time in mainland and insular SE Asia (updated: 17 January 2000).
The ASEAN Haze Action Online provides the following information:
Monitoring: Hyperlinks to institutions involved in regional monitoring and prediction of fire and smoke haze
Intranet: Information and possible participation in the ASEAN Haze Action Online Intranet Information Services (for associated registered participants)
Mobilization Plan: Model Fire Suppression Mobilization Plan
Inventory: Inventory and analysis of forest and land fire suppression capabilities
Haze Forum: Communication platform on fire and smoke-haze issues in the ASEAN region
Calendar: Fire and haze-related events can be identified by a search modus
The Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project (FFPCP) in Palembang (Sumatra) reports no fire on 16 January 2000. Due to technical reasons there is no daily update of the IFFM (Samarinda, East Kalimantan) fire reports from Borneo Island.
The Indonesian Meteorological Agency Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika publishs the Indonesia Daily Forecasting for 18 January 2000. For the representative selected areas metereological data are provided as follows:
PalembangSamarindaBandung Weather condition rain cloudy rain Temperature max (°C) 31°C 33°C 28°C Humidity (min-max %) 60-97 60-96 60-97
Summary: Although the current fire weather conditions do under normal conditions not favour extensive land clearing by fire or escaping wildfires in Indonesia, the consequences of the large wildfires of 1997-98 must been taken into consideration. These fires had caused extensive degradation of primary and secondary forests along with the spreading of “alang-alang” (Imperata cylindrica) grasslands. These grasslands facilitate the spread of uncontrolled fires over large areas.