GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

12 June 2002

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite of 12 June 2002 shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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NOAA 12 & 14 AVHRR composite of 12 June 2002.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to
use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the
Federal Forest service of Russia. (Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 6 June 2002 a total of 155 fires affected 6,897 ha forested and 5,809 ha non-forested areas. Plus the 91 fires were put out the same day when it where started. Since the beginning of the 2002 fire season a total of 14,103 fires affected 557,274 ha forested and 266,293 ha non-forested land.
The most fire activity retain in Iakuteia and Tuva republics (south of Krasnoyiarsk).
There were large fires:

  • Tuva – 15, the biggest was 8800 ha forested and 3000 ha non-forested

  • Iakuteia – 23, the biggest was 11,000 ha forested and 3500 ha non-forested. 13 of them are contained.

  • Iakuteia – 27, the biggest was 7,000 ha forested and 2000 ha non-forested.

Through all of Russia on fire fire fighting have been involved 2611 people, 31 aircraft, 424 bulldozers, tractors and engines.
Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana).

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

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Figure 1. Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
The Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouringcountries, 6 June 2002.

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Krai used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

11 June 2002:

Overview map showing large fire locations covering the10-days period 1 June  to 11 June 2002:

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Amurskaia Oblast Amurskaia Oblast Buryatia Republic

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Tuva Republic Tuva Republic Jakutia

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation, Mongolia and China: See IFFN Country Notes. Scientific details on fire in the Russian Federation are provided by the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN) report.

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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