Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network

A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network

in cooperation with the

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

    Institutions, Projects and other Wildland Fire Links

Projects and Programmes in South East Asia
In the late 1990s the GFMC compiled a list of publications, online information sources, documents and links to past and ongoing projects in SE Asia. This list is not complete, especially concerning ASEAN member countries other than Indonesia.

Links to project websites
The following list of links to institutions working in wildland fire in Southeast Asia are taken from the GFMC link section. Users of this web page are encouraged to submit new links to be added to this list. For other thematic fire-related links (e.g., remote sensing of vegetation fires, fire weather and climate forecasts, natural disasters, and global environmental monitoring: see GFMC link section at

ASEAN Haze Action Online
In response to the fire and smoke episodes in Southeast Asia between 1982 and 1998, several national and international initiatives, especially in Indonesia, were instituted, among other the Haze Technical Task Force (HTTF) during the Sixth Meeting of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Environment (ASOEN) in September 1995. The HTTF undertook concerted efforts to finalize a response strategy in the form of a Regional Haze Action Plan (RHAP). The RHAP was completed in December 1997, and was endorsed by the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Haze (AMMH) held in Singapore from 22 to 23 December 1997. The ASEAN Environment Ministers’ requested assistance from the Asian Development Bank to make the RHAP a fully operational document. The bank responded by approving Regional Technical Assistance (RETA) 5778-REG (Strengthening the Capacity of ASEAN to Prevent and Mitigate Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution). One of the activities which came out of the RETA was the ASEAN Haze Action Online.

ASEAN Fire Weather Information System
This web page of the Canadian Forest Service is of special interest for South East Asia, it features a prototype of the ASEAN Fire Weather Information System with the Canadian Fire Weather Indices for the region. The maps are provided on a day-to-da-basis.

The Environmental Impact Management Agency (BAPEDAL) provided during the 1997 fire season a web page with up to date information, including “hot spot” information. This hot spot information was only available in the Indonesian version. There were no hot spots available for 1998.

BMG (Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika)
The BMG (Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika) homepage provides detailed meteorological information for Indonesia including haze and smoke data and a map of the current wind trajectories in Indonesia

Center for International Forestry Research(CIFOR)
In 2006 the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) established this very updated a comprehensive fire research website. The website provides access to numerous full-size publications and abstracts produced by CIFOR. Most of the research was undertaken with funding support primarily from the United States Forest Service, the European Union, the government of Japan and the Australian Centre for International AgriculturalResearch from 1999 to 2004. An earlier CIFOR Fire web page is still on the web:

Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing, and Processing, Singapore
CRISP offers a database with SPOT, ERS and Radarsat Images of the South East Asian region covering the forest fire episode of 1997/98. It also provides a special feature on forest fires and haze in South East Asia.

Fire-Land-Atmosphere Modeling and Evaluation for Southeast Asia (FLAMES) Project
The Fire-Land-Atmosphere Modeling and Evaluation for Southeast Asia (FLAMES) Project is a collaboration between researchers in the Departments of Geography and Statistics at The Ohio State University. The project is funded by NASA’s Research Opportunities for Space and Earth Science as part of the Land-Cover/Land-Use Change Program and is endorsed by the Global Land Project, a joint research agenda of the International Human Dimensions Programme (IHDP) and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). Scientists and policymakers have become increasingly concerned about the implications of the consistent brown haze covering Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean in terms of human health and climate change. The emergence of this haze is due to increased atmospheric concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols, or small airborne particles, over the region. A large portion of these carbonaceous aerosols is generated by anthropogenic activities, including both slash-and-burn agriculture and fossil fuel combustion. This research project seeks to develop a methodology to determine the relative contribution of these two types of emissions to the total aerosol burden over the region.

ForestFire Prevention and Control Project (FFPCP) (attention: outdated!)
In 1995 the Government of Indonesia and the EuropeanUnion started the Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project in South Sumatra (FFPCP). This project was part of the larger European Union’s Indonesian ForestryProgram. The FFPCP was implemented from 1995 until 2001. The old homepage is still on the web, but the detailed information cannot be accessed any longer. However, GFMC has created a special website with 21 project reports and documents. The follow-up project is the South Sumatra Forest FireManagement Project (SSFFMP):

Forest Fire Prevention Management Project 2 in Indonesia
The Ministry of Forest and Estate Crops in Indonesia and Japan InternationalCooperation Agency (JICA) began a technical cooperation program in the field of forest fire prevention as “ForestFire Prevention Management Project (FFPMP)” in 1996 and ended in 2001.FFPMP has contributed to the development of technologies for early warning and detection, improvement of participants of forest fire prevention and management, and training for initial fire suppression. The second phase FFPMP II started 15 April 2001 and it is expected to be completed in 2006. For the wide extension and applicability of project’s outcome, four national parks are selected as field sites, which have various features of their topography and biology. The national parks are Bukit Tiga Puluh, Berbak, Way Kambas in Sumatra, and Gunung Palung in Kalimantan. FFPMP II supports participatory forest fire suppression, initial forest fire suppression and early warning and detection, and extension and public relation. The website includes, among other, a web page with daily and monthly maps of fire locations in Indonesia depicted by NOAA AVHRR and cloud maps derived from the geostationary satellite HIMAWARI. For direct access to this fire monitoring web page see:

Global Change Impact Center for South East Asia IC-SEA
The Global Change Impacts Centre for Southeast Asia (IC-SEA) is the first regional centre in the developing regions established to assess the impacts of global change, and their implications for the sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems. IC-SEA’s mission is to develop the capacity of the Southeast Asian region for sustainable development under global change. The website serves as the most comprehensive information pool on global change and its implications in South East Asia. It includes a searchable database on global change impacts literature as well as on upcoming events. Extensive information is given on the activities and the partners of IC-SEA. Altogether a very valuable website for South East Asia.

This site is dedicated to haze and smoke on a global level. Air pollution indices and health-related information are provided for several Southeast Asian countries along with various satellite imageries and weather forecasts. It provides detailed links to sites covering haze and forest fires in other countries. The site has a good selection of journal and newspaper coverage of the 1997-98 fire and smoke-haze episode. Very informative site!

Indonesian Forest Monitoring Network (IFMN)
IFMN is dedicated to the exchange of information and ideas related to the creation of a sustainable network to be known as The Indonesian Forest Monitoring Network (IFMN). The IFMN will use the latest remotely sensed imagery to monitor the state of forest cover in Indonesia and the effects of illegal logging.

Indonesian Ministry of Forestry and Plantations
The Indonesian version of the Ministry of Forestry web site has a section on forest fires of 1997. A general statement about the fires in Kalimantan and Sumatra could be found. Satellite imagery was provided by the JICA Fire Project in DG PHPA, using NOAA and HIMAWARI imagery, the site was updated in February 1998.

Indonesian Nature Conservation Database

Indonesia is the largest country of South-East Asia and comprises an enormous wealth of natural ecosystems. Considerable parts of its natural resources are protected and maintained by the Directorate General of Forest Protection andNature Conservation of the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry. This website is dedicated to all protected areas of Indonesia. It not only describes the various National Parks (Taman Nasional), but also the many Nature Reserves(Cagar Alam), Game or Wildlife Reserves (Suaka Margasatwa) and several of the many Recreation Parks (Taman Wisata) in Indonesia.

Indonesia: East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency

The East Kalimantan FireManagement Agency was established as an outcome of the Integrated Forest FireManagement (IFFM) project which was a 10-years bilateral development project in the province of East Kalimantan, Indonesia, sponsored by Germany and backstopped by the GFMC between 1994 and 2004. The project developed a valuable on-site source for forest fires in Indonesia, including NOAA AVHRR derived maps displaying active wildfires and land-use fires burning in East Kalimantan. In addition fire-danger rating for the project area was published on a regular basis and provided accurate and precise information for East Kalimantan and adjoining Indonesian provinces on Borneo island.

International TropicalTimber Organization (ITTO)
The International TropicalTimber Organization (ITTO) was created by treaty in 1983 and its headquarters was established in Yokohama, Japan, in late 1986. The primary idea is to provide an effective framework for consultation among producer and consumer member countries on all aspects of the world timber economy within its mandate. One of the activities of the ITTO was the publication of the ITTO Guidelines on FireManagement in Tropical Forests (1997), followed by a number of projects. TheGlobal Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) acted as the main author of the guidelines. A special ITTO-Fire website has been established at the GFMC and includes the guidelines and several reports:

The web site of the Indonesian National Remote Sensing Centre contains satellite imagery and predicted drought areas in Indonesia.

Malaysia: Forest Fire Prevention in Sabah
The website describes the role and responsibilities of Sabah Forestry Department (SFD) in forest fire prevention and suppression. Several reports can be downloaded from the website.

Meteorological Service of Singapore
The Meteorological Service of Singapore provides a comprehensive web page on weather, haze and forest fires. Satelltie imagery as well as the latest Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) readings are published on a day-to-day basis.

Project FireFight South East Asia

In early 1998, WWF (the World Wide Fund for Nature) and IUCN (the World Conservation Union) have joined forces in developing a Programme for “Strengthening National, Regional and International Networks for Forest Fire Prevention and Management, world-wide”. This Global FireFight Programme was initiated with financial support from the joint WWF and IUCN Forest Programme and more recently the US Forest Service has provided interim funding to continue this effort. Under the umbrella of the Programme the “Project FireFight South East Asia” has been developed and started to work in 2000. The project seeks to secure essential policy reform through a strategy of advocacy using syntheses and analysis of existing information and new outputs. It works at the national and regional level across South East Asia to support and advocate the creation of the legislative and economic bases for mitigating harmful anthropogenic forest fires. The model provided by Project FireFight South East Asia will be extended to South and Central America, Russia, the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa as funds and capacity becomes available.

South Sumatra Forest Fire Management Project (SSFFMP)
The South Sumatra Forest Fire Management Project is a technical co-operation project between the Government of Indonesia and the European Union, and is part of the larger European Commission – Indonesia Forestry Programme. The project is implemented in the Province of South Sumatra through various governmental and non-governmental organizations at the provincial, district and village levels. The Ministry of Forestry is the Executing Agency at national level. The Office of the Governor of South Sumatra Province acts as the Implementing Agency and is responsible for steering, coordinating and supporting the Project at the provincial level. The project started in mid-January 2003 and has a projected duration of five years. The project activities are grouped into five main project components (Rural Institutional Development, Fire Management, Participatory Planning for Sustainable Natural Resource Management, Fire Monitoring, Policy Advocacy). The project will work in the South Sumatra Province. SSFFMP builds forth on the achievements of an earlier EU funded project, the FFPCP (Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project), which was implemented from 1995 to 2001, also in South Sumatra Province.

Thailand: Forest Fire Control Division
The Forest Fire Control Division operates under the Department for National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conversation. The website (in Thai language) provides comprehensive information on the organization, cooperation partner, history of the organization, national policies, basics on fire occurrence and a detailed and comprehensive wildland fire database starting with the year 2542 (= 1999):
The website also includes a wildland fire glossary in Thai and English:

Trade and Environment Database (TED): Case Study on Indonesian Fires
The TED Projects In 1990, the TED (Trade and Environment Database) projects began as an effort to develop an inventory of case studies concerned with trade and environment issues. The effort recognized the important problems and issues in this area, but they lack a basis for common comparison and contrast. To abet these efforts, since then several hundred categorical case studies have been undertaken and made available in print and on a site on the World Wide Web. These cases studies are reports and coded documents that cover 28 categories of legal, trade, geographic, and environment information relevant to the case. Case Study No. 472 deals with the effects of Forest Fires in Indonesia.

TROPENBOS Foundation
The TROPENBOS web site contains a statement of their organization to the forest fires in Kalimantan.

This section of the UNEP Grid homepage serves as a forum for the situation in Indonesia. It links to websites which describe and otherwise cover forest fire and haze.

USDA Forest Service
The US Forest Service Engineering Department provides maps of various fires which burned in Indonesia in the fire season 1997. The fires are drawn on topographic maps and give a good impression of the fire activities of 1997.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre is concerned with various issues of biodiversity and threats to it. One part deals with forest fires and their effect on biodiversity, especially with the situation in Indonesia. Maps of fire occurrence, biodiversity, and national protection forests are provided.

WWF Indonesia
The WWF Indonesia offers a comprehensive web page on nature conservation in Indonesia, one of there foci is the forest fire situation in Indonesia. A very comprehensive web page with valuable information.

WWF Malaysia
The home page of WWF Malaysia provides various reports on forest fires and haze in 1997 as well as current events in South East Asia. A comprehensive summary of WWF research on fire issues is provided along with the news coverage from 1997/98 – altogether a very valuable site for South East Asia


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