GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

14 May 2003

Latest Satellite Images:

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Satellite Terra
13 May 2003, 0420 AM
Pixel size 1km Satellite Aqua
13 May 2003,  0605 AM
Pixel size 500m Satellite Terra
14 May 2003, 0325 AM
Pixel size 1km

Fires in south eastern Russia
In south eastern Russia (near chinese border), scores of fires are burning. This Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from the Auqa and Terra satellite shows active fires marked with red dots. The fires are producing rivers of smoke which extend far to the south into China and have spread eastward over the Pacific Ocean.

Source: MODIS

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Heat signatures (red) and smoke (light blue haze) are visible from fires burning in Russia in this MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) image from the Terra satellite.
Source: OSEI

Smoke Over Eastern Russia

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Between May 3-8, 2003, carbon monoxide filled the skies over southern Russia (top), Mongolia (below left), and China (below right). This image shows measurements of carbon monoxide captured by the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) sensor on the Terra satellite, with values ranging from zero (dark blue) to 360 parts per billion (red). The carbon monoxide was coming from hundreds of fires burning in the region at the start of the farming season. Smoke plumes from these fires spread far out over the Pacific Ocean to the east. (Source NASA EO)

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Latest fullday Earth Probe TOMS Aerosol Index map.
(Source: NASA GSFC)

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 12  May 2003

For the last days fire activities retain very severe around Lake Baikal. Worming up in Western Siberia and Central European part. According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 11 May 2003 a total of 413 fires affected 27,150 ha forested and 2,466 ha non-forested areas. 119 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 102 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.

Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 6,851 fires affected 338,800 ha forested and 140,608 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 6,407 fires had burnt 70,449 ha forested and 37,769 ha non-forested lands.)

 Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

Chita region – 159 fires
Buriatia – 89
Irkutsk – 48
Khabarovsk – 22
Amur – 17

Large fires were reported in:

Chita region – 122 fires, the biggest is 7,000 ha. 55 of them-are contained. 24 large fires were put out for last day/

Buriatia 17 fires, the biggest is 760 ha
Altay 7 fires, the biggest is 1,000 ha. All of them in contained stage.
Irkutsk -7 fires, the biggest is 455 ha. All of them in contained stage.
Khabarovsk-9 fires, the biggest is 1,600 ha.
Amur-5 fires, the biggest is 7,500 ha.

Through all of Russia 6,451 people, 63 aircraft, 1,054 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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