References on Aerosols and Atmospheric Transport over Southern Africa

List compiled by Kristy Ross, Witwatersrand University, South Africa, and Robert Chatfield, NASA


  • Chatfield, R.B., J.A. Vastano, L. Li, G.W. Sachse, and V.S. Connors. 1998. The Great African Plume from biomass burning: A three-dimensional study of Trace-A carbon monoxide. J. Geophysical Res. 103, 28,059-28,077.
    The paper analyzes the relationship of Southern Africa airflow with the InterAfrican front and a broad recirculation pattern.
  • Chatfield, R.B., J.A. Vastano, H.B. Singh, and G.W. Sachse. 1996. A generalized model of how fire emissions and chemistry produce African / oceanic plumes (O3, CO, PAN, smoke) seen in Trace-A, J. Geophysical Res 101, 24,279–24,306.
    The paper explains the very different transport of aerosols and gases from Southern Africa moving above ~4–5 km. This issue has many articles, e.g., by Fuelberg, Anderson, and Thompson, describing Southern African transport and aerosols.
  • Chatfield, R.B., Z. Guo, G.W. Sachse, E.D. Blake, N. Blake. The Subtropical Global Plume in PEM-T A, PEM-T B, and GASP: How tropical emissions affect the remote Pacific, submitted to J. Geophysical Res 2000.
    ftp://geo.arc.nasa.gov/pub/BobC/Papers/SGlobalPlume.pdf
    This article actually has a lot of description of the important role of African meteorology, and compares very well with the TOMS retrievals over/southeaset-of the Cape, compares synoptic and convective transport but also describes South American pollution affecting Africa: the “stranding” of different pollution streams. Post-mission analyses for SAFARI-2000 should be similarly fascinating!
  • Cosijn, C., and Tyson, P.D. 1996. Stable discontinuities in the atmosphere over South Africa, South African Journal of Science 92, 381-386.
  • Garstang, M., Tyson, P.D., Swap, R., Edwards, M., Kallberg, P., and Lindesay, J.A.. 1996. Horizontal and vertical transport of air over southern Africa, Journal of Geophysical Research 10 (D19), 23,721-23,736.
  • Piketh, S.J., Annegarn, H.J., and Tyson, P.D. 1999. Lower tropospheric aerosol loadings over South Africa. The relative contribution of aeolian dust, industrial emissions, and biomass burning, Journal of Geophysical Research 104 (D1), 1597-1607.
  • Piketh, S.J., Tyson, P.D., and Steffen, W. 2000. Aeolian transport from southern Africa and iron fertilization of marine biota in the South Indian Ocean, South African Journal of Science 96, 244-246.
  • Swap, R.J., and Tyson, P.D. 1999. Stable discontinuities as determinants of the vertical distribution of aerosols and trace gases in the atmosphere, South African Journal of Science 95 (2), 63-71.
  • Tyson, P.D., and Preston-Whyte, R.A.. 2000. The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town.
  • Terblanche, D.E., Mittermaier, M.P., Piketh, S.J., Bruintjes, R.T., and Burger, R.P. 2000. The Aerosol Recirculation and Rainfall Experiment (ARREX). An initial study on aerosol-cloud interactions over South Africa, South African Journal of Science 96 (1), 15-21.
  • Tyson, P.D. 1997. Atmospheric transport of aerosols and trace gases over southern Africa, Progress in Physical Geography 21, 79-101.
  • Tyson, P.D., Garstang, M., and Swap, R. 1996. Large-scale recirculation of air over southern Africa, Journal of Applied Meteorology 35 (12), 2218-2236.
  • Tyson, P.D., Garstang, M., Swap, R., Kallberg, P., and Edwards, M. 1996. An air transport climatology for subtropical southern Africa, International Journal of Climatology 16, 265-291.
  • Tyson, P.D., Garstang, M., Thompson, A.M., D‘Abreton, P., Diab, R.D., and Browell, E.V. 1997. Atmospheric transport and photochemistry of ozone over central Southern Africa during the Southern Africa Fire-Atmosphere Research Initiative, Journal of Geophysical Research 102 (D9), 10,623-10,635.
  • Tyson, P.D. and D‘Abreton, P.C. 1998. Transport and recirculation of aerosols off southern Africa-macroscale plume structure, Atmospheric Environment 32 (9), 1511-1524.

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