GFMC AND THE GROUP OF TWENTY (G20) 

GFMC Cooperation with G20 Presidencies India and Brazil 2023-2024

The G20, or Group of Twenty, is an intergovernmental forum of the world’s major developed and developing economies. It comprises 19 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Türkiye, UK, USA) and the European Union (EU). Collectively, the G20 accounts for 85% of global GDP, 75% of international trade and two-thirds of the world population, making it the premier forum for international economic cooperation.

In November 2020, at the Riyadh (Virtual) Summit of the G20 leaders, the G20 launched the Global Initiative on Reducing Land Degradation and Enhancing Conservation of Terrestrial Habitats. The ambition of this Global Initiative is to prevent, halt and reverse land degradation and reduce degraded land by 50 per cent by 2040. The G20 countries harbor about two-thirds of the world population, twenty largest economies in the world and premier forum for international economic cooperation. The G20 nations acknowledge the commitment to accelerate progress on the implementation of the UN-SDGs and to support combating land degradation and creating new carbon sinks. 

India held the G20 presidency in 2023 and initiated a priority activity among G 20 nations, to support the capacity building, monitoring of implementation, filling the knowledge gaps, enhancing linkages between the existing multilateral and/or unilateral frameworks for restoration of forest fire impacted landscape. The “Study on restoration of forest fire impacted areas for recovering the natural biodiversity” identified opportunities to enhance cooperation and partnerships among G20 countries for a more robust response to restoration of forest fire affected areas that require urgent action. 

On 24 February 2023, a work visit of the Secretariat of the UN Convention on Combat of Desertification (UNCCD) at GFMC addressed the G20 Global Land Initiative:

Discussion of cooperative work between UNCCD / G20 and GFMC: Muralee Thummarukudy, Director, G20 Global Initiative on Land, UNCCD Secretariat (left), Tony Simons, Senior Fellow – CIFOR-ICRAF; UNCCD G20 Land Initiative (center) and GFMC Chief Johann G Goldammer (right). © Photo by Dennis Eapen Pulimittathu, UNCCD Secretariat.

UNFF Country-led Initiative Thematic Area I – Forest Fires / Wildfires (2023)

In preparation of the 19th session of UNFF (6-10 May 2024), the government of India initiated a country led initiative (CLI) with one focus on “Forest Fires/ Wildfires” and hosted a workshop at the Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun, India, on 01 November 2023. In following-up, a delegation of the Government of India visited GFMC for a consultation, which was also held in conjunction of the G20 Global Land Initiative 

From left to right: K. Ravichandran (Director of the Indian Institute of Forest Management in Bhopal) – Johann Georg Goldammer (Chief, GFMC) – Bivash Ranjan (Additional Director General of Wildlife at the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change in India.) – Sanjay Kumar Shukla (Inspector General for Forests in the Government of India) – Ishwar Narayanan (UNCCD Expert in India on Land Restoration). Photos: UNCCD Secretariat / Dennis Eapen Pulimittathu.

19th Session of UNFF, New York, 6-10 May 2024

At the 19th session of UNFF a thematic side event on 6 May 2024 aimed at facilitating an exchange on promoting integrated landscape fire management. Presentations included recent initiatives and policy developments, such as the Landscape Fire Governance Framework presented at 8th International Wildland Fire Conference in 2023, the newly launched Global Fire Management Hub, and the updating of ITTO’s Guidelines on Fire Management in Tropical Forests. India and Korea showcased best practices and lessons learned in their countries. GFMC contributions were highlighted by the contributions of ITTO and FAO:

The G20 Disaster Risk Reduction Working Group

The G20 DRR Working Group, initiated in 2023, aims to integrate risk reduction measures into public and private sector investment decisions and policy making to reduce existing risk, prevent the creation of new risk and, ultimately, build resilient economies, societies, and natural systems. The roadmap of G20 DRR WG focuses on five high-impact Action Areas for disaster risk reduction: 1) Universal Coverage or Early Warning Systems, 2) Disaster and Climate Resilient Infrastructure, 3) Financing Frameworks for DRR, 4) Disaster Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction, and 5) Nature-Based Solutions and Ecosystem-Based Approaches for DRR.

The second meeting of the G20 Disaster Risk Reduction Working Group chaired by G20 presidency Brazil with the launch of the “Compendium on Nature Based Solutions and Eco-System Based Approaches for DRR“ was planned on 28 May 2024 (postponed due to an emergency situation in Brazil). The Compendium includes16 cases of from Member States, out of which 4 cases were selected for presentation at the meeting. The report submitted by the German Government “Serving the science-policy-practitioners interface in landscape fire management and wildfire disaster risk reduction at global level” highlights the role of Integrated Fire Management (IFM) as a relevant approach and the role of GFMC at international level serving the science-policy interface. Chair of the session: Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), Mr. Kamal Kishore; presentation by GFMC; Brasilia, FAO Rome and online.

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