AUSTRALIA – Coping with the growing bushfire risks under climate change will require a vast increase in public spending and big reforms to policies that haven’t properly accounted for the effects of climate change, experts warn.
Scott Morrison said in his address to the National Press Club in Canberra on Wednesday Australia must adapt to “longer, hotter, drier summers”.
“We must continue to learn from this fire season so we are better prepared for the next one because, of course, there’ll be one,” the Prime Minister said.
“Building our national resilience means building our ability to resist, absorb, accommodate, recover and transform in the face of such events and this includes the effects of longer, hotter, dryer summers.”
Bushfire expert Professor Ross Bradstock said none of the previous 51 bushfire inquiries held since 1939 had investigated the effect of global warming fire risk, including the 2009 Black Saturday Royal Commission, which also “did not explicitly consider climate change”.
“If the Prime Minister truly wants to enhance resilience and adaptation to fires, climate change has to be factored in to a new inquiry,” he said.
“In the past 10 years (since Black Saturday) we’ve learned an enormous amount, we can’t just look back and audit past recommendations.”
Mr Bradstock said since that study climate change had already created fire risks similar to what was projected for 2050, “which is fairly frightening”.
The Prime Minister acknowledged the “risks of climate change ” and said the bushfire response should include a Royal Commission focusing on an audit of recommendations from previous bushfire inquiries. He said governments would “need to make some decisions” about local hazard reduction burning to reduce fuel loads in forests, building codes for fire prone areas, and regulations for clearing native vegetation.
Keeping pace with the rising bushfire risks under climate change would require a fivefold increase in the scale and spending on controlled burns to reduce fuel loads, said Prof Bradstock, the director of Wollongong University’s Centre for Environmental Risk Management of Bushfires.
“There has to be a public discussion on the acceptable level of bushfire risk, and what it will cost to meet that risk level,” he said.
“We showed in a study 10 years ago that under climate change projections for 2050 the fire risk to lives and property would be elevated in the order of 15 per cent.
“We found that you would have to carry out and pay for five times the current level of hazard reduciton to offset that increase in risk – that is, to hold it at the current level.”
Prof Bradstock said bushfire research showed blanket hectare targets for controlled burns were “ineffective” and had encouraged government agencies to burn in the “boondocks” instead of more “effective” locations close to houses and assets.
However, the closer a controlled burn is to houses or assets, the more it costs, and the greater the impact on roads, the community and human health.
“In remote areas the cost per treatment (controlled burn) might be as little as $100 a hectare. But closer to urban areas it can be $1000 to $10,000 a hectare… and that isn’t factoring in the impacts to human health,” Prof Bradstock said.