USA – The San Juan National Forest was closed on Tuesday, 12 June 2018, for the first time since the forest was designated a national forest more than a hundred years ago. “We realise this is a really difficult thing for the area,” said Cam Hooley, spokeswoman for the US Forest Service. “It’s going to be a huge economic impact, we realise that and it’s not taken lightly.” The San Juan National Forest will be closed indefinitely. Extreme fire danger conditions, which have resulted in two raging wildfires on the San Juan National Forest, prompted the closure, which prohibits most entry into the forest. As of 11 June 2018, the 416 Fire north of Durango has ripped through more than 22 130 acres around the Hermosa Creek drainage, while the Burro Fire has rapidly grown to more than 1 000 acres northeast of Dolores. No causes of the fires have been officially determined, Hooley said.
The San Juan National Forest covers more than 1,8 million acres across nine counties in Southwest Colorado, with thousands of miles of back roads and hundreds of miles of trails. The closure order, which is enacted through Stage 3 fire restrictions, closes forest campgrounds, day-use areas, roads and trails. Hiking, dispersed camping and other recreational activities are also not allowed.
While the two active fires were taken into consideration when opting to close the forest, other factors went into the decision, such as weather conditions, fire fighting resources available and fuel moisture level. “We’re trying to prevent human starts,” Hooley said. “The two fires burning on the forest isn’t necessarily what propagated the closure but it is a result of the same conditions that exist.” Hooley said forest managers are well aware of the impact the closure will have on the community. “I know it’s difficult,” Hooley said. “A lot of people say, ‘How can I start a fire by hiking?’ But people do, all the time.”
County and state roads and US highways that cross Forest Service lands will not be affected by this order. Exemptions may be granted to some property owners who have land that requires travel across Forest Service roads. Property owners are asked to contact their local ranger district for more information. Notably, Lemon Reservoir will be closed, as will Chimney Rock National Monument. Vallecito Reservoir is mostly managed by the Pine River Irrigation District. Calls to the district were not immediately returned Monday. Any Forest Service lands around the lake will be off-limits to the public.
The McPhee Recreation Area Complex boat ramp and marina will likely remain open but no shoreline use will be allowed. All Forest Service backroads are closed. As of Monday, Bureau of Land Management and San Juan County backroads, such as the Alpine Loop, were still open.
A spokeswoman with the Bureau of Land Management said the BLM will not close lands it manages in Southwest Colorado this week. The BLM enacted Stage 1 fire restrictions on 1 May 2018 on lands within the Tres Rios Field Office, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument and portions of the Gunnison Field Office surrounding Silverton.
La Plata County will consider whether to implement Stage 3 restrictions. A spokeswoman for the county said the details of those restrictions are being worked out. Violating Stage 3 fire restrictions or going into a closed area carries a mandatory appearance in federal court, and is punishable by a fine of up to $5 000 for an individual or $10 000 for an organisation, or imprisonment of up to six months, or both. The closure of the San Juan National Forest does not affect whether the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad may run again. The railroad suspended service soon after the fire started.
While closing Forest Service land isn’t common in Colorado, it does happen with some frequency in Arizona and New Mexico, Hooley said. In May, the 1,6 million acre Santa Fe National Forest was closed because of fire risks.