Indonesia Asia Pulp and Paper (APP) Sinar Mas is using smart mapping technology to enhance their capabilities in responding to and pre-empting forest fires.
The smart map uses a location-based analytics platform called ArcGIS to integrate real-time data from Esris Living Atlas database with APP Sinar Mas map of concession areas.
This enables them to more effectively identify the location of all forest fire hotspots within the last 24 hours, verify if they are from its properties, and evaluate what needs to be done to address these fires.
In addition, the system also equips Sinar Mas firefighting team with actionable information that can help them pre-empt potential peatland fire.
Asep Karsidi, the former head of the National Geospatial Information Agency and now the GIS consultant for APP Sinar Mas, said, Peatland is very delicate and prone to burning if the ground temperature is above 30 degrees Celsius. In order to maintain an appropriate level of soil moisture, it should not fall below 40 cm in depth any lower can potentially start a forest fire.
By using soil moisture data from the weather station as an indicator, the system visually represents this data on a dynamic smart map allowing our team at APP Sinar Mas to quickly identify areas which might potentially cause peatland fire, Mr Karsidi said.
Prior to its roll-out, relevant forest fire and land surface data had to be obtained from multiple sources, which resulted in greater delays and longer lead times. Now, the system integrates data from APP Sinar Mas supplier concession areas
, the Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council, National Disaster Management Agency, and relevant local government authorities to provide stakeholders with an easier and effective way to collaborate and make well-informed decisions.
The new GIS system supports Sinar Mas new data centre, the APP Sinar Mas Situation Room. This data centre aims to host geospatial information on disaster and area management for early detection of hot spots in forest fire management and it is the first in Indonesias private sector said Esri Indonesia CEO A. Istamar.
APP Sinar Mas business is geographic in nature. From resource and asset management, to emergency response and precision farming location is at the heart of everything they do and is critical in their day-today decision making.
GIS technology enables Sinar Mas to map and analyse their business data with environmental information to generate compelling insights into forest fire risks that are unattainable through any other tool.
It is the same tool supporting many of the worlds leading military, law enforcement agencies and smart cities. Now, its on the hands of APP Sinar Mas firefighting team.
This technology will make a significant contribution to reducing forest fires and will benefit not only Sinar Mas, but Indonesia as a whole. Mr Istamar said.
Winters have started approaching the northern region of India that also includes Delhi-NCR along with Punjab and Haryana. Due to this, minimums have also started dropping in many parts of North India including Delhi and NCR. In fact, as per the temperatures recorded on October 15 and October 17, the minimums ofDelhi and NCR went down to 17°C.
As per experts, an increase in the pollution level normally occurs during the winter months. However, there are a few reasons that could enhance the pollution level in Delhi and the adjoining areas. The very first reason that can be attributed to an increase in pollution level in the national capital is crop fires in the neighboring state ofHaryana andPunjab.
These two states lie in northwest proximity of Delhi and normal pattern of winds during this season is northwesterly. These winds drag the smoke and fine particles of the burnt crop and mix them with Delhis atmosphere. Moreover, the temperatures also start dipping, therefore, the air near the earths surface tends to condense leading to formation of haze.
Whenever the winds are light or calm, these air pollutants get mixed with the haze or mist and forms a blanket of smoke haze which remains suspended for few hours in the mornings. Thereafter, the haze disappears as the sun rises and temperatures increases during the day.
But as the winter progresses in the month of December and January, the duration of haze, mist or fog gets extended and these pollutants remain suspended in the atmosphere for longer duration of time. Other factors including the smoke emitting from vehicles and factories and dust from construction sites also add to the rising pollution levels.
Sometimes this situation can continue for days altogether. However, relief is expected only when a strong Western Disturbance gives rain over the region. It is then that these pollutants settle down for a few days.
Another criterion which reduces the pollution levels is the strong and moderate dry winds from northwest or west which carry away these pollution particles. In a nutshell, it can be said that in October, intensity and duration of pollution remain less though increases in November as winters sets in.
– See more at: http://www.skymetweather.com/content/weather-news-and-analysis/delhis-pollution-level-increases-as-winter-approaches/#sthash.FRlJsEib.dpuf