USA — Climate change is already hurting American farmers and rural residents, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said yesterday, warning that the United States would regret any failure to adapt and prepare for shifting weather realities.
Unveiling a new effort to coordinate the governments response, Vilsack said extreme weather events have already taken the U.S. by surprise, putting ranchers and others out of business. He pointed to the intensity and frequency of recent storms, long droughts, snowstorms and subzero temperatures as evidence that climate change is no longer hypothetical or in the future.
The combination of all those factors convinces me that the climate is changing, and its going to have its impact, and will have its impact, and is having its impact on agriculture and forestry, Vilsack said.
Pine bark beetles that in years past were killed off during harsh winters have now infected about 45 million trees in western states, leading to more severe forest fires, posing flood risks and threatening the timber industry, Vilsack said. In the absence of adequate forecasting and disaster assistance, he said, an October snowstorm wiped out cattle operations in the Dakotas.
When that snowstorm hit, it didnt wipe out just a few animals. It wiped out the entire operation, Vilsack said. Nobody anticipated and expected that severe a storm, that early.
To that end, the Obama administration said seven new climate hubs, including one in New Hampshire, will open across the U.S., acting as clearinghouses for data and research about effects of climate change. Based out of existing Agriculture Department facilities, the hubs will assess local climate risks, such as drought and wildfire, then develop plans for dealing with them, such as improved irrigation techniques.
The goal is to synchronize the federal governments preparation and resources with what other entities, such as universities, tribal communities and state governments, are doing to prepare for shifting temperatures.
Its taking existing avenues, research service or forest service, and charging them with a new responsibility to basically take a look at precisely what risks are currently being recognized and whats the vulnerability to agriculture and to forestry in each region of the country, Vilsack said.
Vilsack disclosed the locations for the new hubs, which were announced last year and included in Obamas broader climate change plan. In addition to the one in Durham, the six other regional hubs will be housed in forest service stations or government research labs in Ames, Iowa; Raleigh, N.C.; Fort Collins, Colo.; El Reno, Okla.; Corvallis, Ore.; and Las Cruces, N.M. Three smaller sub-hubs will be created in Houghton, Mich.; Davis, Calif.; and Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.