Philippines — CITY OF SAN FERNANDO — The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in Central Luzon region has heightened its alert as the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) declared on Tuesday the official start of this years summer season.
More than 2,000 DENR forest and fire protection officers and upland farmers, who are active members of peoples organizations throughout Central Luzon, joined forces to combat the threats of wildfire in vast tracts of dry grasslands in the provinces of Zambales, Tarlac, Bulacan and Nueva Ecija, revealed Maximo Dichoso, executive director of the regional DENR here.
Forest fire incidents peak in summer, usually from February to May, when arid conditions become more pronounced, he said, adding that rainfall during these months is less than 200 millimeters (mm), down from the national average of more than 2,300 mm.
Close to 200 hectares of forest plantations and reforestation projects were scorched last year by wildfires that spread from adjacent grasslands, he said.
Pagasa has warned that the warm dry spells of El Niño will continue this year.
Amid threats of El Niño, 120 peoples organizations with community-based forest management projects with the DENR race to establish fire and green breaks in some 21,000 ha of forestlands under their stewardship.
Forest villagers and local governments are better able to deal immediately with fire emergencies. Engaging their services will help DENR respond quickly when fire breaks out in remote places, he said.
The DENR regularly provides science-based fire management trainings to active members of peoples organizations to enable them to respond quickly to fire alerts.
Forest fire prevention is essential to sustain the gains of the National Greening Program (NGP) so that government investments dont go to waste, DENR Forestry deputy director Sofio Quintana explained.
More than 12,000 hectares of new forests have been established throughout Central Luzon since President Benigno Aquino III launched the NGP in 2011.
DENR statistics showed that Central Luzon has more than 400,000 hectares of grasslands and other open areas.
Forest fires release carbon dioxide and sulfur into the atmosphere and contribute to global warming and climate change.
Studies from the earth observatory of the National Aeronautics Space Administration, said the burning of tropical forests releases 2.4 gigatons of carbon into the atmosphere each year.