Chile invokes terror law for ‘criminal’ wildfire

Chile invokes terror law for ‘criminal’ wildfire

05 January 2012

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Chile — SANTIAGO — Chilean President Sebastian Pinera has invoked anti-terror legislation after at least six firefighters died in a wildfire that authorities said may have been caused by radical indigenous activists.

An unusually hot and dry start to the Chilean summer has seen more than 50 wildfires, fanned by high winds, burn down scores of homes and destroy some 50,000 hectares (123,000 acres) of woodland and brush over the past 10 days.

Authorities suspect several fires that erupted almost simultaneously in the forest regions of Biobio, Maule and Araucania, some 500 to 700 kilometers (310 to 435 miles) south of the capital Santiago, were the work of arsonists.

“We have reliable information that makes us presume there is criminal intent behind these fires,” Pinera said on Thursday. “I believe that we ought to combat not only the fires, but also the criminals behind the fires.”

Interior Minister Rodrigo Hinzpeter later hinted that the blazes may have been the work of the Arauco-Malleco Coordination Group (CAM), a fringe group of Mapuche activists that had claimed arson attacks which destroyed a firefighting helicopter and other forestry vehicles on December 30.

“The CAM claims the attack against a forestry helicopter, and soon there are more fires. But the pieces will fall into place in the end, so I don’t want to guess,” Hinzpeter told TVN television.

Ten firefighters — private contractors for forestry company Mininco — were trapped on Thursday when the blaze they were tackling in a mountain forest near Carahue in Araucania suddenly changed direction.

“The fire suddenly surrounded them because of the wind, they drew closer together, one against another, and saw the fire pass above them,” local governor Miguel Mellado told Canal 13 television.

Six firefighters perished in the flames, two were rescued by helicopter but suffered bad burns, and another is still missing.

The 10th firefighter, Hector Herrera, managed to escape.

“When I wanted to leave, I was unable to do so, I went back and there was fire everywhere. My only option was to go to the canteen and soak myself in water and then go through the flames,” he later told the media.

The anti-terror law invoked by Pinera is highly controversial, as it dates back to Augusto Pinochet’s 1973-90 dictatorship.

“Clearly, the intentional and criminal character of provoking simultaneous and deliberate fires makes this conduct of a terrorist nature,” Pinera said.

The draconian anti-terror law notably allows for steeper punishments, for suspects to be detained longer without charge, and for the use of anonymous witnesses in trials.

It was last invoked in the 2011 trial of indigenous Mapuche activists charged over 2008-2009 clashes in the Araucania region, where they say their ancestral lands have been taken over by forestry companies.

The only casualty from the spate of wildfires up until Thursday was a 75-year-old man who refused to leave his home in the Biobio region.

Last week, a five-day inferno destroyed some 15,000 hectares (37,000 acres) of the Torres del Paine National Park, a natural wilderness in Patagonia that has been declared a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.

An Israeli citizen, Rotem Singer, 23, is accused of starting the park blaze accidentally by failing to extinguish a burning roll of toilet paper.

Singer, who faces a maximum penalty of 60 days in jail and a fine of $300, has been released from police custody but ordered not to leave Chile until an investigation is complete.

Another man was arrested on Wednesday for setting off an incendiary device that possibly caused a small blaze in Biobio.

Pinera has blamed the La Nina weather phenomenon and “global warming” for contributing to drought conditions that helped the fires spread.

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