Debate over causes aside, warm climate’s effects are striking in the West

U.S. Won’tUse Air Tankers for Wildfires

(published by: GuardianUnlimited, 11 May 2004)

WASHINGTON (AP) – Just as the 2004 wildfire season is opening, the governmenton Monday grounded an aging fleet of 33 former military tankers that had beenamong the biggest weapons in its arsenal for fighting the blazes.

The Forest Service and the Interior Department terminated contracts withprivate companies for use of the planes after the National Transportation SafetyBoard determined their airworthiness could be not assured. Three such planescrashed between 1994 and 2002, killing seven crew members.

Forest Service Chief Dale Bosworth said that, in the wake of the NTSB report,continuing to use the tankers posed “an unacceptable risk” to aviators, groundfirefighters and communities near the blazes.

The fixed-wing planes, some of them as old as 60 years, had been usedprimarily in initial attacks on fires and protecting buildings when fires weremoving toward urban areas, said Dan Jiron, a spokesman for the Forest Service.

He said the government still has the use of 491 other aircraft, includingsmaller fixed-wing planes and helicopters. “It’s serious, but we will be ableto do our job,” Jiron said.

The tankers were each capable of dumping from 1,700 to 2,500 gallons of watera minute.

The Forest Service grounded the fleet of tankers it had under contract aftertwo crashes in 2002.

The planes were reactivated after a new inspection program was developed atthe Energy Department’s Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque, N.M., but theNTSB said in its report last month that maintenance and inspection programs werestill inadequate.

“It was apparent that no effective mechanism currently exists to ensure thecontinuing airworthinesss of these firefighting aircraft,” the report said.

Complete information on the stresses that the planes endured in firefightingwas not available, the report said. Nor was there complete information onmaintenance and inspection dating back to the planes’ use in the military.

Investigators who reviewed the crashes in California and Colorado in 2002said the aircrafts’ wings could not take the strain. In the California crashinvolving a C-130A, the wings snapped off and the fuselage plunged to the ground,killing three people on board.

Planes from the now-grounded fleet probably were used to fight a current firein California, Jiron said. “We always use what fleet we have available to use,”he said.

However, the planes were not used on Monday, he said.

Fires also are burning in Montana, Arizona and Minnesota. They are fueled bydrought, which has been worsening in many areas in the West, drying pasturelandsand leaving forests parched. The National Drought Mitigation Center’s DroughtMonitor now classifies the West as being in a state of exceptional drought,worse than its initial classification of abnormally dry.

The government will have to shift firefighting tactics with the loss of the33 planes, Jiron said.

Firefighters will target blazes with helicopters and cropduster-typefixed-wing aircraft, Jiron said. These aircraft can be more accurate than thebig planes when they drop their payloads, and they can resupply with watercloser to the fire, he said.

The government also can activate eight military C130s equipped to carry water,he said.

“This is a loss, but it is not something we can’t address now that thecurtain is raising on fire season,” Jiron said.

To the government, the loss of planes is not an insurmountable problem.Firefighters still should be able to do their inherently dangerous job “with orwithout air support,” it said.

But one aviation officer in the Forest Service, Bill Pierce, called thegrounding of the 33 tankers “a major loss” that could raise the risks involvedwith firefighting.

“It’s a real hazardous situation, not having the tankers,” said Pierce ofthe Humboldt-Toiyabe Forest Service office in Reno, Nev.

Story by: Ira Dreyfuss, Associated Press Writer


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