Community-Based Fire Management(CBFiM) An Activity of the Global Wildland Fire Network
CBFiM Basics and Introductory Materials and Case Studies
Communitiesin Flames An international conference on community involvementin fire management was held in Balikpapan, Indonesia, 25-28 July 2001. Theproceedings (edited by Peter Moore, David Ganz, Lay Cheng Tan, Thomas Enters andPatrick B. Durst) have been published in 2002 by the Food and AgricultureOrganization of the United Nations, Regional Office for Asia and the PacificBangkok, Thailand (RAP Publication2002/25, 133 p., ISBN 974-7946-29-7). The chapters include examples of Definitionof Community-Based Fire Management (CBFiM) from Africa,Asia, Europe and North America:
The following chapters have been reproduced forthe GFMC CBFiM Website with the permission of the FAO. Page numbering of eachPDF chapter is different from the complete book version (for proper citationplease use page numbers given in the table of contents).
Community Based Fire Managementin Spain Todays urbanized societies tend to asks for wildfire exclusion throughthe strengthening of suppression resources to the extent that available budgetscan buy. Unfortunately however, year after year, the experience shows that onlya better understanding of the role of fire in the forest ecosystems can help toprevent catastrophic fires. In many places the rural land abandonment iscreating the conditions for large fires, because of the huge fuel accumulationsthat are spreading into former agricultural lands. To establish data on burningby local people; their aims and reasons motivations have been analysed. Theinformation gathered concludes that 60 percent of the total number of fires inthe country can be prevented if controlled burning is carried out together withthe farmers instead of just forbidding them from burning. Therefore, awarenessrising or sensitisation programmes in the rural villages are crucial for thesuccess in fire management when remembering that the local population are thosewho cause the fire damages and also remembering that training in controlledburning with the help of specialized teams (Equipos de Prevención Integral deIncendios Forestales – EPRIF) are organized in the areas where the number offires is high. Besides the EPRIF activities also other programs are carried outto promote cooperation with volunteers living in small villages by e.g. visitingthem and providing economical incentives to them when they become integrated inpermanent fire management organizations supervised by the Administration. Urbanand rural people can cooperate together in these organizations to prevent fires.
Community-BasedDisaster Risk Management: A Field Practitioners Handbook The concept of Community-based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) has emergedduring the past two decades in South East Asian countries. The promotersincluded NGOs, citizens organizations, humanitarian agencies and governmentdepartments in different countries in the region. Despite this rapid expansionin application, a great majority of CBDRM practitioners lack opportunities forskill development and capacity building. Although there are a number of coursesavailable on community-based disaster risk management, it is not possible forall practitioners to participate in such courses due to problems of funding andlanguage. The Disaster Reduction in South East Asia Project (PDR SEA), under theguidance of UNESCAP, took steps to fill that need by producing information andtraining materials such as this handbook. The purpose of the CBDRM FieldPractitioners Handbook, edited by Imelda Abarquez and Zubair Murshed,is to help equip CBDM or CBDRM practitioners with theories and practical toolsthat can be applied in community work. The handbook is a product of thetripartite partnership between ADPC, UNESCAP and DIPECHO.