Community-Based Fire Management (CBFiM)
An Activity of the Global Wildland Fire Network

CBFiM Basics and Introductory Materials and Case Studies

Communitiesin Flames
An international conference on community involvementin fire management was held in Balikpapan, Indonesia, 25-28 July 2001. Theproceedings (edited by Peter Moore, David Ganz, Lay Cheng Tan, Thomas Enters andPatrick B. Durst) have been published in 2002 by the Food and AgricultureOrganization of the United Nations, Regional Office for Asia and the PacificBangkok, Thailand (RAP Publication2002/25, 133 p., ISBN 974-7946-29-7). The chapters include examples of Definitionof Community-Based Fire Management (CBFiM) from Africa,Asia, Europe and North America:


Community-basedfire management: Case studies from China, The Gambia, Honduras, India, the LaoPeople’s Democratic Republic and Turkey 
Thispublication features case studies documenting a range of local fire managementscenarios, each with a diverse set of land uses and desired outcomes. Thecommunity-based fire management (CBFiM) approaches from China, the Gambia,Honduras, India, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Turkeypresented in this publication illustrate a recent shift in direction; a movementaway from centralized and state-driven forest fire management towardsdecentralized and mainly community-based management regimes. The book volume hasbeen published by the Food and AgricultureOrganization of the United Nations, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific,Bangkok, Thailand.
©FAO 2003 (ISBN 974-7946-39-4)

The following chapters have been reproduced forthe GFMC CBFiM Website with the permission of the FAO. Page numbering of eachPDF chapter is different from the complete book version (for proper citationplease use page numbers given in the table of contents).


Community Involvement in and Management of Forest Fires in South East Asia
This book volume published by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and prepared by Sameer Karki is a review of community involvement in and management of forest fires in South East Asia. Successful experiences of local community-based approaches to fire prevention and control in South East Asia are reviewed and analysed. Particular attention is given to the political, institutional, economic and cultural elements that enable local communities to actively engage and prevent uncontrolled burning. It is anticipated that this report will provide information to South East Asian governments and other stakeholders and will lay the foundation for recognising, financing and utilising community fire control as a component of their fire managementstrategies.
© Project FireFight South East Asia 2002 (ISBN no.979-3260-02-5)

Community Based Fire Managementin Spain
Today’s urbanized societies tend to asks for wildfire exclusion throughthe strengthening of suppression resources to the extent that available budgetscan buy. Unfortunately however, year after year, the experience shows that onlya better understanding of the role of fire in the forest ecosystems can help toprevent catastrophic fires. In many places the rural land abandonment iscreating the conditions for large fires, because of the huge fuel accumulationsthat are spreading into former agricultural lands. To establish data on burningby local people; their aims and reasons motivations have been analysed. Theinformation gathered concludes that 60 percent of the total number of fires inthe country can be prevented if controlled burning is carried out together withthe farmers instead of just forbidding them from burning. Therefore, awarenessrising or sensitisation programmes in the rural villages are crucial for thesuccess in fire management when remembering that the local population are thosewho cause the fire damages and also remembering that training in controlledburning with the help of specialized teams (Equipos de Prevención Integral deIncendios Forestales – EPRIF) are organized in the areas where the number offires is high. Besides the EPRIF activities also other programs are carried outto promote cooperation with volunteers living in small villages by e.g. visitingthem and providing economical incentives to them when they become integrated inpermanent fire management organizations supervised by the Administration. Urbanand rural people can cooperate together in these organizations to prevent fires.

The report “Community Based Fire Management inSpain” is based on the work of  Mr Ricardo Vélez, Ministry ofEnvironment, Spain, and published by the FAO Forestry Department, ForestResources Development Service, Forest Protection Working Papers FFM/4/E, © FAO,Rome, Italy, April 2005 (21 p. + Annexes):

Community-BasedDisaster Risk Management: A Field Practitioners’ Handbook
The concept of Community-based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) has emergedduring the past two decades in South East Asian countries. The promotersincluded NGOs, citizen’s organizations, humanitarian agencies and governmentdepartments in different countries in the region. Despite this rapid expansionin application, a great majority of CBDRM practitioners lack opportunities forskill development and capacity building. Although there are a number of coursesavailable on community-based disaster risk management, it is not possible forall practitioners to participate in such courses due to problems of funding andlanguage. The Disaster Reduction in South East Asia Project (PDR SEA), under theguidance of UNESCAP, took steps to fill that need by producing information andtraining materials such as this handbook. The purpose of the CBDRM FieldPractitioners’ Handbook, edited by Imelda Abarquez and Zubair Murshed,is to help equip CBDM or CBDRM practitioners with theories and practical toolsthat can be applied in community work. The handbook is a product of thetripartite partnership between ADPC, UNESCAP and DIPECHO.



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