UN-FAO/ECE/ILO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire: Report of the 1998-99 Activities (IFFN No. 21 – September 1999)

UN-FAO/ECE/ILO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire

Report of the 1998-99 Activities

(IFFN No. 21 – September 1999,p. 81-83)


After the last team meeting which was held in conjunction with the 1st Baltic Conference on Forest Fire which was held in Warsaw, May 1998 (see IFFN No. 19 – October 1998), the following international organizations were supported and actions were taken:

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

The FAO Expert Meeting “Public Policies Affecting Forest Fire” was held in Rome, October 1998 (for general update information: see below “News from FAO”). Several team members (E.Bilgili [Turkey], E.Davidenko [Russia], H.Frelander [Finland], J.Goldammer [Team Leader, Germany], R.Velez [Spain]) and UNECE (J.Najera) contributed to the meeting and the final FAO report by a preparatory paper, country report or rapporteur.

Publications:

Bilgili, E. 1999. Forest fires and fire management policies in Turkey. In: Proceedings, FAO Meeting on Public Policies Affecting Forest Fires, 357-361. FAO Forestry Paper 138.

Davidenko, E.P. 1999. Comments on the situation in Europe and boreal/temperate Asia. In: Proceedings, FAO Meeting on Public Policies Affecting Forest Fires, 165-167. FAO Forestry Paper 138.

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. Public policies affecting forest fires in Europe and boreal/temperate Asia. In: Proceedings, FAO Meeting on Public Policies Affecting Forest Fires, 113-164. FAO Forestry Paper 138.

The expert meeting was followed by the FAO meeting of the ministers of forestry (March 1999). The recommendations of the FAO meeting were included in the “Rome Declaration on Forestry” (see IFFN No. 19, pp.84-85).

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

The WMO organized the Workshop on Regional Transboundary Smoke and Haze in Southeast Asia, Singapore, 2-5 June 1998.

Publication:

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. Environmental problems arising from land use, climate variability, fire and smog in Indonesia: Development of policies and strategies for land use and fire management. In: WMO Workshop on Regional Transboundary Smoke and Haze in Southeast Asia, Singapore, 2-5 June 1998, Vol. 2 (G.R.Carmichael, comp.), 13-88. World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmosphere Watch Report Ser. No. 131, WMO TD No. 948, Geneva, 346 p.

World Health Organization (WHO)

The WHO prepared the “WHO Health Guidelines on Vegetation Fire Events”. After a workshop in Lima, Peru, October 1998, the preparation of the guidelines are now finalized. The team leader was chair of the Lima workshop and is co-editor of the guidelines. The guidelines are in press and will also be published on the website of the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC).

Publication:

Schwela, D.H., J.G. Goldammer, L.H. Morawska, and O. Simpson. 1999. Health Guidelines for Vegetation Fire Events. Guideline document. Published on behalf of UNEP, WHO, and WMO. Published by Institute of Environmental Epidemiology, Ministry of the Environment, Singapore (in press).

Goh, K.T., D.H. Schwela, J.G. Goldammer, and O. Simpson. 1999. Health Guidelines for Vegetation Fire Events. Background Papers. Published on behalf of UNEP, WHO, and WMO. Published by Institute of Environmental Epidemiology, Ministry of the Environment, Singapore (in press).

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

UNESCO convened the International Scientific Conference on Fires in the Mediterranean Forests, Athens, 3-6 February 1999.

Report:

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. The contribution of the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) for early warning and management of wildfire. UNESCO International Scientific Conference on Fires in the Mediterranean Forests, Athens, 3-6 February 1999 (in press)

International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR)

The team contributed to the IDNDR Scientific and Technical Council (STC) meeting in Washington, August 1998, and the IDNDR Programme Forum (the final IDNDR event), Geneva, July 1999 (see News from the IDNDR).

Report:

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. Fire disasters, ecosystems and societies: Changing vulnerabilities. Contribution of the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) and Max Planck Institute for Chemistry to the IDNDR Programme Forum, Thematic Session “Disaster Reduction and Preparedness through Protection of Natural Resources”, Geneva, 5-9 July 1999 (in press).

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. Environmental and technological hazards: Wildfire. In: Natural disaster management (J.Ingleton, ed.), 67-69. Tudor Rose, Leicester, England

The World Bank

The preparatory meeting for the establishment of the Consortium on Natural and Technological Catastrophes (NAT-CAT) (initial draft designation: “Consultative Group for Global Disaster Reduction”) of the World Bank was held in Paris, France, 1-2 June 1999, and supported by the GFMC.

Report:

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. The Contribution of the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) for Early Warning and Management of Wildfires. Paper presented at the preparatory meeting of the Consortium on Natural and Technological Catastrophes (NAT-CAT), Paris, France, 1-2 June 1999. The World Bank, Disaster Management facility (DMF) (in press).

A World Bank Seminar on Forest Fires was held in Surabaya, Indonesia, 9-12 December 1998.

Report:

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. Relevance of international experiences in forest fire management to South East Asia. Paper presented at the World Bank/EDIEN Workshop on Fire Hazards, Transboundary Haze, and Sustainable Forestry in East Asia and the Pacific, Surabaya, Indonesia, 9-12 December 1998 (in press)

The World Conservation Union (IUCN)

At the World Bank NAT-CAT Establishment meeting in Paris the IUCN and GFMC decided to seek close collaboration and interaction of activities, including the joint IUCN-WWF programmes FIREFIGHT. IUCN decided to officially sponsor the GFMC and IFFN. The Thematic Session “Disaster Reduction and Preparedness through Protection of Natural Resources” was jointly organized at the IDNDR Programme Forum (report: see under IDNDR).

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

ASEAN intended to compare ECE and ASEAN procedures and rules on transboundary pollution, and how the two regions could learn from eachother. The team leader provided inputs from the point of view of fire-related transboundary smoke-haze pollution.

Report:

Goldammer, J.G. 1998. Land use, climate variability and fire in South East Asia: Impacts on ecosystems and atmosphere. Germany-Singapore Environmental Technology Agency. Asia-Pacific Regional Workshop on Transboundary Pollution, Singapore, 27-28 May 1998 (mimeo).

The International Cross-Sectoral Forum on Forest Fire Management in South East Asia, Jakarta, 7-8 December 1998, hosted by the Government of Indonesia, the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) and JICA was supported by the team leader.

Report:

Goldammer, J.G. 1999. An overview of international guidelines: The ITTO Guidelines on Forest Fire Management. In: Tropical forest fire. Prevention, control, rehabilitation and trans-boundary issues. Proceedings, International Cross-Sectoral Forum on Forest Fire Management in South East Asia, Jakarta, 7-8 December 1998, 179-200. BAPPENAS/ITTO/ JICA, Jakarta, 589 p.

Establishment of the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC)

In June 1998 the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) was established as a joint activity of the home institute of the team leader (the Fire Ecology Research Group of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, c/o Freiburg University) and the team.

The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) monitors, forecasts and archives information on vegetation fires (forest fires, land-use fires, smoke pollution) at global level. With this information decision makers at national and international levels are supported in evaluating fire situations or precursors of fire which potentially endanger humans or may negatively affect the environment. The GFMC is financed by a German contribution to the IDNDR operates in co-operation and in line with the

  • objectives of the UN International Decade of Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR);

  • objectives of work of the UN-FAO/ECE/ILO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire;

  • recommendations of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and various scientific and policy conferences;

  • policies of the UNESCO, the World Bank, Disaster Management Facility (DMF), and the World Conservation Union (IUCN), expressed by the co-sponsorship of these organizations; and the

  • research agendas and co-sponsorship of international science programmes devoted to Global Change Research: The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO), and the International Boreal Forest Research Association (IBFRA).

The GFMC was inaugurated at the FAO Expert Consultation in Rome, October 1998. The daily updated GFMC products are public domain, accessible through the internet:   http://www.uni-freiburg.de/fireglobe.

International Forest Fire News (IFFN)

With the financial support of the US Bureau of Land Management, the ECE/FAO continues to produce the IFFN twice per year. Starting with IFFN No. 19 (October 1998) the comprehensive newsletter is also available on the website of the GFMC.

 

Contact of the UN-FAO/ECE/ILO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire and the GFMC:

J.G.Goldammer
Editor, IFFN


IFFN No. 21

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