Lithuania: Forest Fire Statistics Update (IFFN No. 13 – July 1995)

 

Forest Fire Statistics Update

(IFFN No. 13 – July 1995, p. 18)    


Lithuania, a Baltic country with a land area of 65,200 km2 and 3.7 million inhabitants, has approximately 1.8 million ha of forest cover. These forests occupy roughly 30% of the country’s land area. Some 1.5 million ha of forest are in state ownership. The remainder are parts of agricultural communes. State owned forests are subdivided into 44 forest enterprises and 4 national parks. Approximately 40% of the forest area consists of pine (Pinus silvestris). Spruce (Picea abies) comprises 20% of the forest area, birch 10%, alder 10%, oak 2%, and ash 2%. Lithuania typically has a spring fire season which occurs immediately prior to bud burst of deciduous species (April). Most fires are human-caused with burning of pastures, carelessness and arson being the major causes of fire. 

 

Tab.1. Forest fire statistics for Lithuania, 1984-94

Year

Number of Fires

Area Burned (ha)

Area of Largest Fire (ha)

1984

132

26

10

1985

63

13

3

1986

339

239

19

1987

60

40

14

1988

131

29

2

1989

115

59

11

1990

236

122

12

1991

147

54

4

1992

1180

971

78

1993

634

304

20

1994

715

280

29

 

 

From: Stanislovas Zebrauskas
Head, Forest Management Department
Address:
Ministry of Forestry of the Republic of Lithuania
Gedimino Ave 56
2685 Vilnius
LITHUANIA

Fax:     ++370-2-612178
Phone: ++370-2-626864


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