Canada: Long-Term Fire Statistics Update of Canada  (IFFN No.7 – August 1992)

 

Long-Term Fire Statistics Update ofCanada

(IFFN No.7 – August 1992, p. 17-20)      


 The 1991 forest fire report of Canada, issued by the Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre (CIFFC), shows that Canada experienced an average fire year with 10,343 fires on 1.6 million hectares (Tab.1). The 1991 statistics show once again that fires in the Observation Zone (definition: see Tab. 1) account for only 5% (506) of the total fire starts, yet account for 60% of the total burned area (958,899 ha). The fire statistics of Canada for the last ten years are compiled in Tables 2 and 3.

 

Tab.1 The 1991 Forest Fire Statistics of Canada  

 

Fire Action Zone 1)

Fire Observation Zone 2)

Total

no

ha

no

ha

no

ha

British Columbia 2,037 29,396 – – 2037 29,396 Yukon Territory 140 79,426 47 49,944 187 129,370 Alberta 921 6,130 – – 921 6,130 Northwest Territories 240 3,580 91 221,744 331 225,324 Saskatchewan 672 57,308 90 182,064 762 239,372 Manitoba 611 21,698 64 121,280 675 142,978 Ontario  2,441 20,408 119 298,475 2560 318,883 Quebec 1,150 379,861 61 58,438 1211 438,299 Newfoundland 135 38,853 31 26,521 166 65,374 New Brunswick 656 3,335 – – 656 3,335 Nova Scotia 733 1,775 – – 733 1,775 Prince Edward Island 48 120 – – 48 120 Parks Canada (Federal Parks) 53 791 3 433 56 1,224 Total 9,837 642,681 506 958,899 10,343 1,601,580

1) Areas in which fires are actively fought until out
2) Areas in which fires may be allowed to burn unchecked but could be fought if they threaten areas of higher value

 

 

  Tab.2: Total area affected by wildfires in Canada between1981 and 1991. The ten-year average is for the 1981-1990 period.
Source: Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre  

 

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

average

1991

British Columbia

106,568

348,695

67,363

19,908

234,647

17,261

36,177

11,462

22,386

72,504

93,697.1

29,396

Yukon Territory

35,158

254,891

43,006

19,895

15,131

90,568

88,326

6,310

328,910

169,601

105,179.6

129,370

Alberta

1,305,165

675,674

2,823

80,731

12,840

2,280

36,248

14,051

6,754

31,097

216,766.3

6,130

Northwest Territories

984,932

302,150

226,841

41,074

204,745

321,710

399,076

66,080

577,584

104,616

322,880.3

225,324

Saskatchewan

1,647,972

64,587

52,172

321,235

110,128

13,159

226,497

81,110

588,880

187,349

329,308.9

239,372

Manitoba

421,000

14,777

99,153

130,189

11,823

10,342

169,520

507,782

3,281,300

19,800

466,568.6

142,978

Ontario 

177,389

3,847

443,655

120,424

1,007

145,561

75,582

390,796

402,264

183,694

194,421.9

318,883

Quebec

2,480

7,970

242,222

3,081

2,679

167,551

36,836

275,620

2,109,513

83,345

293,129.7

438,299

Newfoundland

13,087

4,392

16,792

7,743

159,744

108,831

17,128

1,780

68,156

47,317

44,497.0

65,374

New Brunswick

419

6,198

1,673

512

2,593

39,103

1,199

1,975

343

6,114

6,012.9

3,335

Nova Scotia

370

617

448

594

1,077

816

564

335

462

1,068

635.1

1,775

Prince Edward Island

146

131

321

202

181

512

113

17

216

102

194.1

120

Parks Canada (Federal Parks)

680,173

9,113

5,210

14,207

5,646

2,663

140

331

835

25,041

74,335.9

1,224

Total

5,374,859

1,693,042

1,201,679

759,795

762,241

920,357

1,087,406

1,357,649

7,387,603

931,648

2,147,627.9

1,601,580

 

 

Tab.3: Total number of wildfires (lightning and man-caused) in Canada between 1981 and 1991. The ten-year average is for the 1981-1990 period.
Source: Canadian Interagency Fire Centre.

 

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

average

1991

British Columbia

2,737

2,205

1,704

3,063

3,604

2,194

3,473

1,951

3,537

3,257

2,772.5

2,037

Yukon Territory

91

204

198

168

110

217

125

115

244

154

162.6

187

Alberta

1,556

1,272

755

1,370

934

581

1,236

865

795

1,296

1,066.0

921

Northwest Territories

311

357

337

311

150

206

374

190

613

236

308.5

331

Saskatchewan

965

596

437

895

520

493

970

1,064

1,020

897

785.7

762

Manitoba

663

425

535

692

346

217

523

982

1,229

568

618.0

675

Ontario 

1,656

1,396

2,244

1,240

887

1,088

1,923

3,260

2,430

1,614

1,773.8

2,560

Quebec

1,114

1,202

1,652

683

880

830

992

1,331

1,167

852

1,070.3

1,211

Newfoundland

131

165

168

101

310

204

287

116

192

197

187.1

166

New Brunswick

275

279

252

393

851

588

653

437

392

377

449.7

656

Nova Scotia

449

491

332

451

583

508

590

328

425

496

465.3

733

Prince Edward Island

40

53

55

38

52

95

52

21

29

38

47.3

48

Parks Canada (Federal Parks)

148

104

93

161

128

90

93

73

131

128

114.9

56

Total

10,136

8,749

8,762

9,566

9,355

7,311

11,291

10,733

12,204

10,110

9,821.7

10,343

 

 

From: Tom Johnston
Operations Manager
Address:
Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre
210-301 Weston Street
CDN-Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3H4

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