In July 2008 the UNISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group (WFAG) followed the suggestions of the countries of the European Alpine region to address the specific forest fire problems in the high-altitude region of the Alps and to establish a Sub-Regional Wildland Fire Network. The sub-regional network is located between the geographic areas of the Eurasian, the SE European / Caucasus and the Mediterranean Regional Wildland Fire Networks. It is also part of the region of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE) region in which the UNECE/FAO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire was operational until 2014 (since 2018: Eurasian Team of Specialists on Landscape Fire Management. With the launch of the Austrian Forest Fire Research Initiative (AFFRI) and the Alpine Forest Fire Warning System (ALPF FIRS) project in 2009 consensus was reached that these two projects would play an important role in advancing research and development in the Euro-Alpine region.
The project Alpine Forest Fire Warning System (ALPF FIRS)aimed and achieved an improvement of forest fire prevention in the Alpine Space with the creation of a shared warning system based on weather condition affecting fire potential. The main goal is the development of a decision support tool for actors involved in forest fire prevention and suppression, consisting in a daily fire danger level assessment and forecast to identify critical periods in advance of their potential occurrence.