A Region of the Global Wildland Fire Network

 Background Information, Regional and National Wildland Fire Reports

The following reports provide background information on wildland fire in South America.

Depopulation of rural landscapes exacerbates fire activity in the western Amazon
This study conducted in the Peruvian Amazon that not only drought and proximity to roads increase fire frequency, but also decreases in rural populations as an additional factor. Farmer survey data suggest that increased burn scar frequency and size reflect increased flammability of emptying rural landscapes and reduced capacity to control fire. With rural populations projected to decline, more frequent drought, and expansion of road infrastructure, fire risk is likely to increase in western Amazonia. Source: Uriarte, M., Pinedo-Vasquez, M., DeFries, R.S., Fernandes, K., Gutierrez-Velez, V., Baethgen, W.E., Padoch, C. (2012) Depopulation of rural landscapes exacerbates fire activity in the western Amazon. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. Vol. 109, No. 52, 21546-21550.

From Forest to Field: How Fire is transforming the Amazon
This document, elaborated in June 2004, is analyzing how fire is transforming the Amazon. Before widespread human settlement began to encroach on the borders of South America’s Amazon forests, there was no such thing as an Amazon fire season. Now, fire may pose the biggest threat to the survival of the Amazon ecosystem. The document is located on the following website of Earth Observatory:

UNEP Regional Latin America and Caribbean Fire Report
The UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Division of Early Warning and Assessment, has published an updated regional wildland fire analysis for the region:

Latin America Wildfire Situation 2003
At the International Wildland Fire Summit (8 October 2003) a paper jointly authored by representatives from Mexico and Chile was presented:

FAO Global Forest Fire Assessment 1990-2000
The Global Fire Report includes a South America Region Fire Assessment (Chapter 7). The complete file can be downloaded on the FAO and the GFMC websites at:

FAO Regional Wildland Fire Assessment 2005
As a supplement and complement to the Global Forest Resources Assessment, 2005, twelve regional reports published as Working Paper have been prepared by regional and country contributing authors to provide a greater depth of data and information on fire incidence, impact, and management issues relating to the twelve UN-ISDR Regional Wildland Fire Networks around the world.


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