Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Steppe fires in the Russian Federation

29 April 2013

This image, taken by the  the International Space Station (ISS), photo taken by ISS Cmdr Chris Hadfield (CAN), shows fires

burning in the Svobodny (Amur Oblast) on 29 April 2013. The Svobodny is a town in Amur Oblast, Russia, located located 167 km north of Blagoveshchensk on the right bank of the Zeya River.

Source: NASA satellite image repository (selected and interpreted by GFMC).

Wildland fires near this region same month in 2012:

This image, taken by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite, shows fires

burning in the Far East of Russia (Khabarovsk Krai) on 14 April 2012.

Source: NASA satellite image repository (selected and interpreted by GFMC).

This image, taken by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite, shows fires

burning in Novosibirsk Region on 14 April 2012.

Source: NASA satellite image repository

          On 17 April 2012 the Federal Forest Agency of Russia released the following daily fire situation report (Source:

          Information on Forest Fires in the Russian Federation (Status: Morning 17 April 2012):

  • A total of 165 forest fires were controlled during the previous day (16 April 2012), including 7 large fires

  • As of morning of 17 April 2012 a total of 91 fires are recorded which have affected a total territory of 1,966 hectares, including 1,336 hectares of forests

  • There are no threats to settlements and other objects of economy

  • For suppression of fires 2,879 people, 594 technical firefighting units and 16 aircraft were involved

  • The most difficult situation develops in the forests of the Siberian Federal District

  • Republic of Buryatiya – 15 fires, area burned 97 ha

  • Zabaykalsky Krai – 44 fires, 480 ha

  • Novosibirsk region – 14 fires, 296 ha

                                                                       This image is extracted from the webserver of EMERCOM of Russia:
Translation of the text:
Hot spots: 19
Time of observation: 18.04.2012
Time of burning: 17.04.2012-18.04.2012
Area burned: 80.2
Coordinates: 49`54`07“N, 134`30`26“E
Zoom the map to see the fire perimeter

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System

The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany has been displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Latest Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) map for Eurasia (17 April 2012)
Note: The components of the Fire Weather Index and the meteorological data below are updated daily at ca. 15:00 GMT/UTC by the Northern Forestry Centre, Canada.
In the list below the latest maps (including the FWI) can be downloaded. These maps will provide the information at the date of clicking on the link.

Fire Weather Index ComponentsMeteorological Data Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)PrecipitationDuff Moisture Code (DMC)Relative humidityDrought Code (DC)TemperatureInitial Spread Index (ISI)Wind directionBuildup Index (BUI)Wind speedFire Weather Index (FWI)

Satellite-derived fire information

         Avialesookhrana provides also up-to-date satellite images for the Russian Federation and neighboring territories.

Latest (18 April 2012 15:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection).
For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

          The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related
images are accessible. The FIRMS is offering an experimental version of MODIS Keyhole Markup Language (KML) time series showing Collection 5 active fire/hotspot detections by animating
the location of fires that have occurred in the region in the last 48 hours (Google Earth must be installed):

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days (8th – 18th April 2012):


Latest maps showing fire activities of 18 April 2012 (selection):


(Zabaikalsky krai) Buryatia
(Zabaikalsky krai) Omskaya oblast

More maps of other regions are available on request:

         WildlandFire relatednews from the Media:Note: The hyperlinks on the left side of each news are password-protected (User ID and password to enter the GFMC database are
available for partners of GFMC). The links on the right side (in brackets) are leading to the original news source; sometimes these news are expiring rather swiftly – a reason for the
establishment of the internal GFMC database):

         Background on Wildland Fires in the Russian Federation

          Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia

One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected
contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search
the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V. Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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