GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

26 July 2010

GFMC analysis (comment inserted ex-post on this web page on 18 August 2010): By 16 August 2010 it has been noted that a wrong algorithm for the calculation of area burned had been applied since the beginning of 2009.The corrected data for the whole fire season are published starting 18 August 2010. A 2010 summary will be published at the end of the fire season.


Fire danger map for July for Eastern Siberia:

Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk


Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

click to enlarge (360 KB)

Latest (26 July 2010 03:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection). For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. 
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)


Wildfire  situation report of  the Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana)

26 July, 2010
340 fires affected 6,494 ha forested and 817 ha non-forested lands.
119 fires of them were reported as new fires.

Through all of Russia 5,250 people, 56 aircraft, 1,122 bulldozers, tractors and engines have
been involved in fire fighting.

Since the beginning of the 2010 fire season a total of 20,460 fires
affected 317,729 ha forested and 158,211 ha non-forested lands of the Forest Fund of Russia.

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Sverdlovsk region – 78
Kirovsk region – 36
Saha republic – 19
Komi republic – 42

There are large fires in following regions:
Voronezh region – 4 fires,burning area 1,420 ha forested lands.
Chukotka autonomous region – 5 fires,burning area 2,980 ha forested lands and 15,215 ha non-forested lands.
Nizhniy Novgorod region – 12 fires,burning area 17,917 ha forested lands and 13,956 ha non-forested lands.
Ryazan region – 5 fires,burning area 427 ha forested lands and 141 ha non-forested lands.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana)
Prepared for GFMC by Andrey Eritsov and Andrey Usachev


Extended fires burned last weekend (24-25 July 2010) in the
North of Magadan and Kamchatka. Source: Moderate Resolution
Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite.

A forest fire blow-up was observed from space on 25 July
2010 in Chuvashia Republic. Source: Moderate Resolution
Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite.

News from the Media:

Во Владимирской области из-за лесного пожара сгорела деревня Каменка

Вечером 26 июля 2010 года в Меленковском районе Владимирской области из-за лесного пожара сгорела деревня Каменка. По данным ГУ МЧС по Владимирской области, из 37 домов этой деревни полностью сгорели 18, все население деревни (41 человек) эвакуировано, жертв нет. Лесной пожар, в результате которого сгорела деревня, охватил большую площадь (по предварительным данным, около пяти тысяч гектаров). В настоящее время кромка пожара находится примерно в десяти километрах к юго-западу от районного центра г. Меленки.

Деревня сгорела во многом из-за того, что ГУ МЧС по Владимирской области недооценило уровень пожарной опасности в лесах региона. В частности, в сводке ГУ МЧС по Владимирской области за 26 июля 2010 года сообщалось: “по состоянию на 8:00 сегодня действующих очагов пожаров в лесах и на торфяниках области нет”, – при том, что на самом деле в регионе продолжало действовать множество лесных и торфяных пожаров. Было ли это умышленным искажением информации или обычным разгильдяйством, неизвестно, но в результате должные меры по борьбе с лесными пожарами приняты не были, и деревня сгорела.

Это уже не первый подобный случай во Владимирской области в 2010 году. В результате лесного пожара, случившегося в середине мая в Ковровском районе, сгорели постройки на окраине поселка Красный Маяк, и лишь чудом работникам пожарной охраны и жителям удалось отстоять сам поселок. Несмотря на то, что тот пожар продолжался несколько дней, ГУ МЧС по Владимирской области ежедневно заявляло, что действовавших очагов пожаров в лесах и на торфяниках области не было.

За сокрытие информации о том пожаре и за отсутствие должных действий по его тушению никто так и не понес ответственности, а безответственность и безнаказанность – главные причины чиновничьего разгильдяйства. Итогом безответственности и разгильдяйства владимирских чиновников стал пожар, уничтоживший 18 домов в деревне Каменка и большую площадь замечательных сосновых лесов.

Village Kamenka burned out from forest fire in Vladimir Oblast

On July 26, 2010, village Kamenka Melenkovsky regione of Vladimir Oblast burned out from forest fire. Following Vladimir oblast EMERCOM data from 37 houses of the village 18 burned out fully. All village population of 41 persons evacuated,  no victims. Forest fire burned out the village has preliminary burned area more than 5,000 ha. Currently fire edge is 10 kilometers to south-west from the regional center Melenka.

The village was burned out mainly due to Vladimir oblast EMERCOM underestimated forest fire hazard level in region. In particular, in a summary of EMERCOM dated July 26, 2010 it was reported that “by 8 a.m. this morning active fires in forests and peat lands of the Oblast are absent”. But that time actually a lot of forest and peat fires were active. It is not known that was it willful misrepresentation of information or usual slovenliness but as a result proper measures to control forest fires were not taken and the village was burned out.

This is already not first similar case in Vladimir Oblast this year. As a result of forest fire in mid-May in Kovrovo region constructions were burned out in the outskirts of village Krasny Mayak and miraculously fire guards were able to save settlement. In spite of this Vladimir Oblast EMERCOM each day was reporting that no active forest and peat fires in the region

Nobody was responsible for concealment of information about that fire and for the absence of proper action in forest fire fighting. Irresponsibility and impunity are the main reasons of officials’ slovenliness. As a result of Vladimir officials was fire destroying 18 houses in the village Kamenka and big area of remarkable pine stands.



Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries


Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.


ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

click to enlarge (29 KB)

Map legend

Administrative boundaries


Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days:

click here to enlarge (561 KB)


Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  22 July 2010 (selection):

click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Tomsk Region Krasnodar Kray Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area/Okrug

More maps of other regions are available on request: 


For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:


Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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