Large fires were burning in the forested mountains of Russias Buryatia region and Mongolias Belenge Province on 21 May 2009, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASAs Aqua satellite captured this image. Brisk winds must have been blowing, as the smoke plumes from the fires were all streaming nearly due east. Places where MODIS detected actively burning fires are outlined in red. According to the 20 May fire situation report of the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (translation provided by theGlobal Fire Monitoring Center), 12 large fires were burning in Buryatia, affecting a combined 2,670 hectares (about 6,600 acres).
AQUA 21 May 2009
The large image provided above is at MODIS maximum spatial resolution (level of detail) of 250 meters per pixel.
GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis provided by the Sukachev Institute for Forest (Krasnoyarsk) the total area burned by 21 May in the Russian Federation is
10 980 520 hectares (ha). Note: The area burned includes all vegetation types (forest and non-forested land on the whole territory of the Russian Federation). For current fire statistics on forest lands of the Federal Russian Forest Fund compiled by Avialesookhrana see report below.
Fire danger map for 20 May for Eastern Siberia:
Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.
Latest (22 May 9:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection). For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. (Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)
Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at: https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm
Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System: Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries
Fire situation report of the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)
According to the wildfire situation report of 21 May 2009 a total of 80 fires affected 5,743 ha forested and 2,668 ha non-forested lands, 41 fires of them were reported as new fires. Through all of Russia 2,179 people, 18 aircraft, 395 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting. Since the beginning of the 2009 fire season a total of 12,535 fires affected 527,501 ha forested and 249,171 ha non-forested lands of the Forest Fund of Russia .
Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Repablic Buryatia 25;
Zabaykalskiy region 23.
There are large fires in following regions:
Zabaykalskiy region 7 fires,burning area 8,352 ha;
Repablic Buryatia – 9 fires,burning area 1,947 ha.
Source: Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana), prepared for GFMC by Eduard Davidenko and Sadovskaya Raisa
Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.
Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days
Latest maps maps showing fire activities of 21 May 2009 (selection):
Respublika Buryatiya Zabaykalskiy kray Khanty-Mansiyskiy a.o.
More maps of other regions are available on request: firstname.lastname@example.org
For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:
Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia: One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter). Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.