GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis provided by the Sukachev Institute for Forest (Krasnoyarsk) the total area burned by 1 August in the Russian Federation is 15 648 467 hectares (ha). Note: The area burned includes all vegetation types (forest and non-forested land on the whole territory of the Russian Federation). For current fire statistics on forest lands of the Federal Russian Forest Fund compiled by Avialesookhrana see report below.
Carbon Monoxide over Eastern Russia
A wave of forest fires that burned across the boreal forests of Siberia in mid- and late July 2006 churned out smoke that spread over much of Russia and as far as Europe.
MOPITT- Terra 15 – 25 July 2006
This image from the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) sensor on NASAs Terra satellite shows the carbon monoxide gas from the fires that accumulated in the atmosphere between 15-25 July 2006. The concentration of carbon monoxide is shown as ppbv, which stands for parts per billion by volume. A measurement of 300 parts per billion by volume means that for every billion molecules in a volume of air, 300 of them will be carbon monoxide. Highest levels are shown in red, and lowest levels are shown in blue. Places where the sensor did not make measurements, probably becuase of clouds, are gray.
Fire danger map for 1 August 2006 for Eastern Siberia:
Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.
Latest (1 August 04:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection). For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. (Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)
Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at: https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm
Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System: Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries
Fire situation report of the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 31 August 2006
According to the wildfire situation report of 31 July 2006 of the Federal Forest Agency of Russia a total of 218 fires affected 2,107 ha forested lands and 408 non forested lands, 30 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 8 fires occurred that were put out the same day they have started.
Since the beginning of the 2006 fire season a total of 20,631 fires affected 895,526 ha forested and 568,566 ha non-forested lands of the Federal Forest Agency. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 8,810 fires have burnt 189,632 ha forested and 70,680 ha non-forested lands.)
Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Leningradskaya – 31
Khabarovsk – 12
There are large fires in following regions:
Irkutsk – 12 fires, burning area 11,798 ha;
Krasnojarsk – 44 fires, burning area 237,700 ha;
Chita 10 fires, burning area 1,040 ha.
Through all of Russia 1,951 people, 26 aircraft, 302 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.
Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), prepared for GFMC by Nastya Svideteleva
Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.
Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days
Latest maps maps showing fire activities of 1 August 2006 (selection):
Respublika Buryatiya Chitinskaya obl. Irkutskaya obl. Irkutskaya obl. Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya) Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya)
More maps of other regions are available on request: firstname.lastname@example.org
For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:
Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia: One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter). Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.