GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

24 July 2006


GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis provided by the Sukachev Institute  for Forest (Krasnoyarsk) the total area burned by 23 July  in the Russian Federation is 14 041 321 hectares (ha). 
Note: The area burned includes all vegetation types (forest and non-forested land on the whole territory of the Russian Federation). For current fire statistics on forest lands of the Federal Russian Forest Fund compiled by Avialesookhrana see report below.

Fires North of Russia’s Lake Baikal
Forest fires were burning across a broad swath of the Central Siberian Plateau on July 24, 2006, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite passed overhead and captured this image. Places where the sensor detected actively burning fires are marked in red. A shroud of smoke spreads over thousands of square kilometers of Russia. In the center of the image, the smoke has a brownish tinge. The city of Ust’-Ilimsk, normally visible as a tan spot along the Angara River, is completely hidden by smoke.

The scene spans the plateau from Russia’s Irkutsk region in the south to the Arctic Ocean in the north. Lake Baikal would be just outside the lower right corner of the scene. This comparison might be helpful in understanding the scale of the event: if the above image covered the United States, the scene would stretch from California to the New Mexico-Texas state line, and it would reach more than a hundred miles both north and south of the borders of the United States.

Source: Earth Observatory

 

Fire danger map for 23 July 2006 for Eastern Siberia:

Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

 

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

click to enlarge (360 KB)

Latest (24 July 04:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection). For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. 
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

 

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

 

Fire situation report of  the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 25 July 2006

According to the wildfire situation report of 24 July 2006 of the Federal Forest Agency of Russia a total of 210 fires affected 3,471 ha forested lands and 145 non forested lands, 21 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 13 fires occurred that were put out the same day they have started.

Since the beginning of the 2006 fire season a total of 19,964 fires affected 648,256 ha forested and 566,972 ha non-forested lands of the Federal Forest Agency. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 8,036 fires have burnt 164,270 ha forested and 50,194 ha non-forested lands.)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

  • Leningradskaya – 29

  • Irkutsk – 47

  • Krasnojarsk – 64

 There are large fires in following regions:

  • Irkutsk – 12 fires, burning area 7,005 ha;
  • Krasnojarsk – 28 fires, burning area 89,260 ha;

Through all of Russia 2,093 people, 36 aircraft, 349 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), prepared for GFMC by Nastya Svideteleva

 

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

 

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

 

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Overview

 

Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  23 July 2006 (selection):

click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Evenkiyskiy a.o. Krasnoyarskiy kray Irkutskaya obl. click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Evenkiyskiy a.o. Evenkiyskiy a.o. Irkutskaya obl.

More maps of other regions are available on request: info@gfmc.org 

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

 


Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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