GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

24 October 2005

GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis provided by the Sukachev Institute  for Forest (Krasnoyarsk) the total area burned by 23 October  in the Russian Federation is 11 509 300 hectares (ha).
Note: The area burned includes all vegetation types (forest and non-forested land on the whole territory of the Russian Federation). For current fire statistics on forest lands of the Federal Russian Forest Fund compiled by Avialesookhrana see report below.

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest (24 October 03:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection). For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

Khabarovsk Territory Fires, 21 October 2005

19 new fires occurred  during  21 October in Khabarovsk Territory. In Khabarovsk region at a distance of 20 km from Khabarovsk a fire spot was isolated on an area of 1.5 ha near the villages Anastasievka, Malyshevo, Petropavlovka and Nekrasovka. Local population is blamed for these fires. In Amursk region there is a danger for Sanboli village if the wind will change its direction. The fire is now at two kilometers from houses. Air patrolling showed spots of fires in Bolonski reserve. In Bikin region unexpected fires were suppressed. In Lazo region two fires originated, one of them is at 0.5 km from Mukhen village. Totally on Khabarovsk Territory area there are 42 forest fires on an area of 16 901.6 ha. The fires covered 2 102 ha of forest during this day. 507 people are working, five planes and 143 units of land machines. 10 fire trains are used to suppress fires along the railroad in Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk directions. There are 31 fire trains and 52 fire automobiles all set. From the beginning of October fire trains were used more than 30 times to suppress fires along the railroads.

Khabarovsk for some time was covered with smoke. Doctors issued recommendations to local population. The people with cardio-vascular problems, lung diseases, children, teens, pregnant women and elderly people suffer most. It is recommended to limit duration of stay in the streets. School children must decrease physical loads and do not do physical training in the open air. All people are recommended to close the windows, hang out wet  bed sheets and towels at home, eat more fruits and vegetables, vitamins E, C, etc, drink milk. Pregnant women are advised to leave the city. People are also recommended to wear special masks and gauze bands.

Latest satellite scenes on the fires in Russia´s Far East

In Russia’s Far East, numerous fires were billowing thick smoke on 23 October 2005, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this image of the region. Active fires are marked in red.

23 October 2005
7:45 hrs UTC

(Image courtesy MODIS)
click on image for a 250 m resolution

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  23 October 2005 (selection)

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Amurskaya obl.

Amurskaya obl. Amurskaya obl.

More maps of other regions are available on request:

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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