GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

1 August 2005


GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis provided by the Sukachev Institute  for Forest (Krasnoyarsk) the total area burned by 31 July 2005  in the Russian Federation is 7 421 675 hectares (ha). 
Note: The area burned includes all vegetation types (forest and non-forested land on the whole territory of the Russian Federation). For current fire statistics on forest lands of the Federal Russian Forest Fund compiled by Avialesookhrana see report below.

Latest satellite scenes:
Across the Western Siberian Lowlands, the Yenissey River is heading northward for several hundred kilometres before emptying into the Arctic Ocean via the Kara Sea. In the area between the rivers Ob and Yenissey the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite detected numerous fires (marked in red) burning in the region’s boreal forests on 31 July  2005.


TERRA
31 July 2005
06:30 hrs UTC
(Image courtesy MODIS)
True colour: Bands 1-4-3
False colour: Bands 7-2-1

The links provide a 500m resolution for both scenes

Several large fires (marked in red) were burning across Russia´s Far East between the Amur river (south), the Stanovoy Range (northwest) and the Sea of Okhotsk when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite passed over on 1 August 2005. The right image shows vast burned areas (magenta) due to arson and illegal logging. The region is home to the highly endangered Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) and Amur leopards (Panthera pardus orientalis).


TERRA
1 August 2005
02:20 hrs UTC
(Image courtesy MODIS)
True colour: Bands 1-4-3
False colour: Bands 7-2-1

The links provide a 500m resolution for both scenes

 

NASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, GSFC

Across the lowlands of the Central Siberian Plain in central Russia, dozens of large fires were filling the skies with thick, white smoke on 1 August 2005 when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this image. The larger version of the image shows another cluster of large fires burning on the eastern side of the north-flowing Yenisey River. The Yenisey is a geographic dividing line between the Central Siberian Plain to the west and the higher elevations of the Central Siberia Plateau to the east (Source: Earth Observatory).

 

Synoptic weather map for 1 August 2005 for the Russian Federation:

Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

 Fire danger map for 1 August 2005 for Eastern Siberia:

Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

click to enlarge (360 KB)

Latest (1 August 2005 03:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection). For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. 
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

 

Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 1 August 2005

According to the wildfire situation report of July 31, 2005 of the Federal Forest Agency of Russia a total of 246 fires affected 3,539 ha forested and 264 non forested land, 67 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 23 fires occurred that were put out the same day they have started.

Since the beginning of the 2005 fire season a total of 8,900 fires affected 193,171 ha forested and 70,944 ha non-forested land of the Federal Forest Agency. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 18,723 fires have burnt 359,401 ha forested and 75,313 ha non-forested land)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

  • Komi Republic-21

  • Irkutsk-61

  • Khanti Mansisk-37

  • Jamalo Nenecki okrug-22

  • Krasnojarsk-10

  • Sverdlovsk-12

  • Khabarovsk-28

  • Amurskaja obl-21

There are large fires in following regions:

  • Primorski krai 5 fires, burning area 2,660 ha;

  • Komi Republic-2 fires, area burning 550 ha;

  • Irkutsk-9 fires, burning on 801 ha.

Through all of Russia 2,495 people, 74 aircraft, 272 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana) , prepared for GFMC by Andrey M. Eritsov

 

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

 

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

click to enlarge (29 KB)

Map legend

Administrative boundaries

 

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

click here to enlarge (561 KB)

Overview

Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  31 July 2005 (selection)

click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Evenkiyskiy a.o. Khanty-Mansiyskiy a.o. Irkutskaya obl.

click to enlarge (40-50 KB)

click to enlarge (40-50 KB)

click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Irkutskaya obl Krasnoyarskiy kray Yamalo-Nenetskiy a.o.

More maps of other regions are available on request: info@gfmc.org 

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

 


Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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