GFMC analysis: According to the Remote SensingLaboratory of the Sukachev Institute for Forest in Krasnoyarsk (RussianFederation) the total land area affected by fire in Kazakhstan in the 2005 fireseason is 428 018 ha (7 July 2005).
Latest satellite scene from MODIS:
TERRA 7 July 2005 5:45 hrs UTC (Image courtesy MODIS)
click on scene for a 500m resolution
This Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from 7 July 2005, shows several large fires burning in the steppes to the northwest of Lake Balkhash. Fire locations that MODIS detected are marked in red.
The extremely continental climate of central Kazakhstan creates vast steppes with a generally dry climate and great temperature extremes between winter and summer. In this part of Kazakhstan, winters are cold and short, and summers are long, hot, and dry, thus in the summer, the possibility of out-of-control fires is high, due to both lightning and human activities, such as intentional pasture fires that escape. These grassland fires cause considerable damage each year to hay and cereal crop production in the region.
Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at: https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm
Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System: Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries, please note the extreme FWI for Kazakhstan.