GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

03 June 2005

Fire on Kamchatka Peninsula

The Sredinnyy Mountain Range runs down the spine of the Kamchatka Peninsula. The volcanic peninsula dips like a dagger into the icy water of the Bering Sea to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk to the west. Dozens of volcanoes are scattered along the mountain range, mostly on the eastern side.

In this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from May 28, 2005, a large forest fire (marked in red) was burning on the western side of the peninsula. The smoke from the blaze stretched southward several hundred kilometers and spread into the Sea of Okhotsk. This is one of several large blazes burning in Russia’s Far East. The high-resolution image shows additional fires on the peninsula.

GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis the total area burned by 02 June 2005  in the Russian Federation is 5 404 096  hectares (ha).

Synoptic weather map for 3 June 2005 for the Russian Federation:

Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Fire danger map for 2 June 2005 for Eastern Siberia:

Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

click to enlarge (360 KB)

Latest (30 May 2005 03:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection). For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 30 May 2005

According to the wildfire situation report of May 29, 2005 of the Federal Forest Agency of Russia a total of 65 fires affected 799 ha forested and 330 ha non forested lands, 30 fires of them were reported as a new fires. In addition 42 fires occurred that were put out the same day they started.

Since the beginning of the 2005 fire season a total of 4,131 fires affected 45,546 ha forested and 17,235 ha non-forested lands of the Federal Forest Agency. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 11,075 fires have burnt 161,460 ha forested and 53,471 ha non-forested lands.)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

  • Irkutsk-18

  • Chita-17

  • Khanti Mansisk-8

  • Republic of Chuvashia-1

Through all of Russia 880 people, 19 aircraft, 162 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana) , prepared for GFMC by Andrey M. Eritsov

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  31 May 2005 (selection)

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Respublika Buryatiya. Chitinskaya Oblast Chitinskaya Oblast

More maps of other regions are available on request:

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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