GFMC: Brazil

Firesin Brazil and Bolivia

26 November 2004

Latest Satellite Scenes from MODIS: Fires Near Bolivia-Brazil Border

Fires in Eastern Brazil
Late in the dry season near the mouth of the Amazon River in Brazil, numerous fires were burning when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this image on November 22, 2004. Locations where MODIS detected active fires are marked in red. It’s surprising to many people that the Amazon Rainforest even has a dry season, but in fact there are places that go months each year with little or no rain. In this part of the Amazon, the rainy season won’t get fully underway until January.

NASA image created by Jesse Allen, Earth Observatory, using data obtained from the MODIS Rapid Response team.

Aqua Satellite Image 
25 November 2004

25 November 2005

(Images based on data from the MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA-GSFC)


See the following media articles: 


Maps with a summary of the occurence of vegetation fires in Brazil and in most of South America are prepared and released by CPTEC/INPE in the Internet soon after the overpasses of the NOAA-series meteorological satellites, whose AVHRR images are used in the detection. Source:

Each red dot in the map shows a pixel with temperatures of some hundred degrees C, normally associated only to active fires. The table on the right side of the map shows the total number of fire pixels dectected by state and by country, with the percentage corresponding to the cloud cover in each region, where the detection of fires was precluded.
Geographical coordinateos of all vegetation fires detected in the AVHRR/NOAA images are available at CPTEC/INPE, and are distributed in near-real-time to registered users. Furhter information can be obtained with, or in the phone number ++55(12)560-9261.


For more information, also in portugese, see the webpage:


Additionally PROARCO (Programa de Prevenção e Controle de Queimadas e Incêndios Florestais na Amazônia Legal) is providing a daily update at: See the Boletim Diário de Monitoramento de Focos de Calor – Amazônia Legal, 03 August 2004.


For more details see daily fire situation updates of Brazil and neighbouring countries:

More information on “Queimadas“


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