Forest Fires Europe
A number of forest fires across Europe can be seen on 11 August 2003, 13:10 UTC. Source: MODIS
Forest Fires Europe
A number of forest fires across Europe can be seen on 11 August 2003, 09:55 UTC. Source: MODIS
Forest Fires Europe
Heat signatures (red), burn scars (charcoal to dark green), and smoke (light blue haze) are visible from fires burning in Portugal and Spain in this NOAA-16 image. Infernos, which have killed 15 people, continue to burn in Portugal. The wildfires have resulted in about $1 billion in damages according to government officials.
Fire-weather forecast for Europe
Fire Weather Index (FWI) forecast for this week (left) and the predicted FWI total for next month (right) for Europe.
(Source: ECPC Fire Weather Index Forecast)
Fires continue to rage in southern Europe Tuesday 12 August 2003, 08:11 o’clock of
Milan/Paris/Madrid (dpa) – Strong forest fires on Sardinia raised panic among tourists on Monday. To the Costa Smeralda a camping area had to be evacuated, reported the Italian television in the evening. In addition the flames threatened a hotel. Also on the French Mediterranean island Corsica as well as in Spain and Portugal still heavy forest and shrub fires are raging. Milan (Italy) announced also with 39,2 °C a heat record for the last 250 years. Meteoroligists assume it becomes still hotter in the next days in the whole country. To Umbria, near to Neapel and in Piemont waterbombers are in operation against the flames. Several arsonists were arrested. Experts assume a “forest-fire-mafia” is behind the fires. Forests were ignited, in order to to get building land or earn money with reforestation. In Portugal in the past two weeks already 15 people were killed by fires. A large fire in the holiday region Algarve in the south of the country continues to spread. In the mountain country of the Serra de Monchique firefighters are on three fronts. “the fire is out of control”, a speaker of the fire-brigade said. Several villages were evacuated because of fires. The Portuguese fire crews asked fire-brigades in the neighbouring Spain for assistance. In the south of the French Mediterranean island Corsica on Monday two shrub fires continued to spread. The fires near Tolla and Coscione altogether devasted more than 700 hectares of forest and shrubland.
Source: yahoo news
Forest Fires in Germany
Tuesday 12 August 2003, 08:11 o’clock
Hamburg (dpa) – The fire-brigades in several regions of Germany were alarmed on Monday night. After the heat wave of the past four weeks fast spreading fires started on Monday in the south of the state Brandenburg and in the Harz region (state Niedersachsen). Fires in Brandenburg expanded on up to 100 hectares forest and wasteland . In the Harz region trees on 7 hectares burned such as scales, the police in Goslar reported. Several firefighters were hurt. Up to the morning the fire-brigades at both places were still in fire-fighting operations. In the state Sachsen-Anhalt fires obstructed the railway traffic between Berlin and Halle. Also near Braunschweig and Guetersloh (state Niedersachsen) forests were on fire. In Guetersloh a pine forest fell the fire to the victim. In the district Teltow Flaeming (State Brandenburg) the third large fire in one week started. The flames spread rapidly from 20 on up to 100 hectares. Approximately 130 firefighters with more than 30 fire engines were in operation, in addition two special helicopters and four waterbombers. In the region Harz a pineforst near the town Juliushuette in the district Goslar burned. About 200 firefighters and 150 Bundeswehr (German Federal Armed Force) soldiers could bring the fire at a mountain-slope under control up to the evening . Again flickering smaller fire sources were fought in the evening and at the night. Night watches were used. Some task forces suffered because of the large heat of cycle collapses and were supplied by the emergency service. Only after the soldiers had succeeded to put several hose lines on the mountain it was possible to contain the fire.
Source: yahoo news
Portugal Fires Result of ‘Powder Keg’ Forests Ian Simpson
LISBON – Raging fires in Portugal that have killed 15 people and devastated huge areas of woodland are the result of policies and neglect that turned forests into a powder keg, experts say.
Chaotic record-keeping, lack of investment in the countryside and poor forestry management are blamed for contributing to the fires that have caused nearly a billion euros (dollars) in damage and prompted the government to declare a national disaster.
“It’s not surprising that a situation like this occurred,” said Luciano Fernandes Lourenco, an expert in forest fires at the University of Coimbra.
He said neglected forests were choked with tinder dry dead wood, contributing to the exceptional fires that have raged since late July — far bigger than any since at least 1980.
But experts said the fires were a climax to Portugal’s poor forest fire history. Portugal was alone among five southern European Union countries by having a fire record that had worsened in the previous two decades, a 2001 EU report said.
Lack of oversight “left forests a powder keg, and it has increased from year to year,” said Domingos Patacho, a forest engineer with the Quercus environmental group.
Thousands of firefighters were battling to control four blazes on Saturday. They included one of the first in the southern resort area of the Algarve, far south of central mountain regions that have been worst hit.
FIVE PERCENT OF FORESTS ASHES
The Forestry Commission estimates that about 162,000 hectares (400,000 acres), or five percent, of woodlands have burned this year. The area is about the size of Greater London.
Portugal is seeking EU financial help to deal with the aftermath of the fires, and warned on Friday that the estimated damage costs of 925 million euros were bound to rise.
Tiny holdings underlie much of the disaster, Patacho said.
Portugal’s 3.3 million hectares (8.25 million acres) of forests are split up among 600,000 property owners, many of them with plots of only a few hectares (acres).
“With most landholdings the size of a football pitch, it’s hard to maintain a system that is economically viable,” he said.
Jose Miguel Cardoso Pereira, a forestry professor at the Technical University of Lisbon, said property registers were decades out of date. The makes it hard for better capitalized landholders to buy up plots and to coordinate efforts to prevent fires, such as clearing dead trees and litter.
“There is a substantial lack of information about who owns what and how it is used, and what information there is is not effectively used,” he said.
Young people for decades have fled the forested interior, one of the EU’s poorest regions, to seek jobs elsewhere. Older people left behind often cannot take care of woods.
Another source of criticism was the country’s policy of “green petroleum,” which has focused on planting highly combustible pine trees and eucalyptus for the timber industry since the 1970s. Eucalyptus plantings have almost tripled in the last three decades, according to Forestry Commission numbers.
The danger was compounded in Portugal since pines and eucalyptus are generally not mixed with more fire-resistant trees, such as oak or chestnut, Fernandes Lourenco said.
And he said the devastating blazes had been compounded by the fact that almost all firefighters are volunteers and lack equipment to deal with bigger fires.
Source: Planet Ark
Portugal fire cost top $1 billion
09 August 2003 Posted: 2:47 AM EDT (0647 GMT)
LISBON, Portugal (Reuters) — Forest fires which have killed 15 people in Portugal have already caused 925 million euros ($1 billion) damage and the figure is bound to rise, the government has said. The cost of the worst fires in a generation is another blow to one of the European Union’s poorest nations, already suffering from a stagnant economy and the bloc’s fastest-rising jobless rate. Saturday, August 9, 2003 Posted: 2:47 AM EDT (0647 GMT)
Thousands of firefighters and troops battled blazes in the central mountains. The government is rushing 800 soldiers just back from peacekeeping duties in East Timor and Bosnia straight into the fire zone. “Right now the rough number we’re working with is 925 million euros,” Interior Minister Antonio Figueiredo Lopes said in remarks carried by private TSF radio. “We still have fires burning. Unfortunately that number is surely going to increase,” Figueiredo Lopes said as he toured burned areas of eastern Portugal with EU Employment and Social Affairs Commissioner Anna Diamantopoulou. The fires, fanned by a scorching heatwave, have killed at least 15 people, cut transport links, destroyed scores of homes and left hundreds of square kilometres of forests in ashes. Diamantopoulou said the EU could provide immediate help for projects such as restoring power and reopening roads, but needed proposals from Portugal for longer-term assistance. Portugal has requested financial help from the EU and equipment from NATO. Portugal offered 100 million euros of government aid when it declared a national disaster on Monday. The Forestry Commission estimated on Thursday that five percent of Portugal’s forests have burned this year, an area equivalent to Greater London. Forest industries such as pulp, paper and cork make up about three percent of the economy and are a major export sector. State radio RTP reported that 35 people suspected of setting fires had been arrested, including a 76-year-old woman. Much of the damage has come since late July in by far the biggest fires since 1980. About 500 people were treated last week alone for fire-related injuries and conditions, mostly smoke inhalation, the Health Ministry said. The raging fires and their cost come as Portugal has put austerity measures in place to close a budget deficit that breached EU limits in 2001. The unemployment rate hit 7.3 percent in June, the fastest 12-month rise in the EU. Neighbouring Spain was also suffering. A fire on El Hierro, the smallest of Spain’s Canary Islands off North Africa, prized for its parks, has devoured 10 percent of its forests and was still burning, officials said.
1,600 people in Spain because of forest fires evacuated
Thursday 7 August 2003, 21:12
Madrid (AP) Because of heavy fires on Thursday approximately 1,600 people in northern Spain were evacuated. People were instructed to leave camping sites and mansions close to the city Macanet de read Selva as a precaution, how the local police communicated. Strong wind faned on the fire and because of the smoke a road and a railway had to become closed. The police arrested meanwhile three men under the suspicion of arson. So far fires in Spain destroyed more than 27,000 hectares land.
Source: Yahoo News
Forest fire on former military range in Brandenburg
07 August 2003, 19:34 o’clock
Luckenwalde (AP) A contained fire started again on a former military range in the state Brandenburg, Germany. Like the spokeswoman of the district Teltow Flaeming Mrs. Martina Krueger said were about 30 hectare waste land and heath country of the place northwest from Jueterbog on fire. The around-lying old ammunition made the fire-fighting operations more difficult. 18 fire-brigades were in operation with numerous vehicles, three airplanes and a helicopter . The fire was announced against 15.00 o’clock on Thursday. The Minister of the Interior of the state Brandenburg Mr. Joerg Schoenbohm flew to the range in order to make himself a picture of the situation. Only at the beginning of the week a fire started on an former military range near Jueterbog because of a self inflammation of old ammunition. The fire destroyed 40 hectares forest land.
Source: Yahoo News
No ‘all-clear’ signal with fires in Portugal
07 August 2003, 18:36 o’clock
Lisbon (Reuters) – By an easy decrease of the temperatures over night the situation relaxed something after the devastating fires in Portugal. For an ‘all-clear’ signal it was however still too early on Thursday. More than 2500 firefighters remained in operation, in order to prevent a reflashing of the fires. In far parts of Europe the heatwave continued. A speaker of the directing centre of the disaster control in Portugal communicated, it succeeded to the firefighters to bring at least two large fires under control. In another place the fires continued to rage. In the Pine forests northwest from Macieira, 180 kilometers from Lisbon, the flames spread from coniferous tree to coniferous tree, while waterbombers and more than 200 firefighters and volunteers tried to contain the fires. “I am very anxious that the wind could turn”, said a resident of the place. “then the fire would be here and take us everything.” More than 14 people lost their lives in the Portugal fires so far. According to data of local forestry the conflagrations in Portugal destroyed about three per cent of the forest-economically used land of the country.
Source: Yahoo News
Warning over forest fires in Great Britain 07 August 2003
Fire chiefs have warned that Scotland could face more forest fires as a result of the current high temperatures. They have issued an appeal to the public to help them avoid a repeat of the devastation which engulfed parts of Europe earlier this month. Scotland suffered several devastating fires earlier this year with parts of the Ardnamurchan peninsula on the west coast alight for more than five days. Another case took about 1,200 members of the Highland brigade nearly two weeks to control an outbreak in Lochaber. Fire chiefs said that the current heat wave has brought a new threat to large areas of Scotland, with dry ground and vegetation ripe for ignition. The public is being urged not to burn anything outdoors in the tinderbox conditions.
Source: BBC News
Forest Fires in Spain and Portugal
07 August 2003
MADRID, Spain (CNN) — The death toll rose to 14 from Portugal’s fierce forest fires Wednesday with rising temperatures helping to spark new blazes while firefighters battled five large uncontrolled fires. “The situation has gotten a little worse,” a worker at the National Fire Coordination Center in Lisbon told CNN. The latest victims were a married couple, in their 40s, who died in a forest fire in the locale of Freixo de Espada a Cinta, in the Braganca district in northern Portugal, said the worker, Patricia Gaspar, of the fire coordination center. But more help has arrived, as three helicopters from Germany landed in Portugal to join the fight Wednesday, adding to the international firefighting aircraft already on loan from Italy and Morocco, Gaspar said. After making good progress against the fires Tuesday, she said the high temperatures on Wednesday were causing new problems and a slightly worse scenario, but that the situation was nonetheless “better than last week, when there were 56 fires burning at the same time.” By Wednesday, the five uncontrolled fires were the main problems. Most were in rough forested terrain, making access difficult. A total of 1,565 firefighers and 700 soldiers were battling the blazes. Another 600 national republican guard officers were patrolling the fire areas to maintain order and help with evacuations where necessary. The uncontrolled fires were listed in Casal Novo of the Castelo Branco district; in the locales of Seia, Sabugal and Vale Nicolau in the Guarda district, and in Vale Sera of the Santarem district. Santarem, about an hour’s drive from Lisbon, was the closest fire to the capital, which itself has not been directly affected by the fires that broke out last week. The latest fires have burned 54,000 hectares (133,000 acres), she said, which is almost as much land burned just since last week as during the entire preceding seven months, since last January, when 80,400 hectares (198,000 acres) had burned, before the latest round of fires. Gaspar confirmed reports that police have arrested several people on suspicion of arson. Authorities have previously said they believed that many of the fires were intentionally set. State-run Lusa news agency reported that one 33 year-old arson suspect had told police he set a fire due to a family dispute. Gaspar said the arrival of three helicopters from Germany resulted from a Portuguese request to the European Union for aid to member countries. On Tuesday, Portugal, in a separate request, asked NATO, for help as well. But a NATO spokesman in Brussels told CNN on Wednesday that Spain, France and Italy — which might normally provide more assistance to fellow-NATO member Portugal — have not been able to help as much due to fires in their own territories. Italy has provided two firefighting aircraft to Portugal, while Spain provided some aircraft last week but later recalled them to fight fires at home. NATO was going to ask other member nations about possibly providing help to Portugal, the spokesman said. In Spain, the fire situation Wednesday was more under control, and “the numerous fires of the past weekend are practically controlled, although there are few others of less intensity,” a Spanish Environment Ministry statement said. In just the first five days of August, the fires in Spain burned 27,000 hectares (66,700 acres). That was almost as much as in the preceding seven months, since last January, when 30,000 hectares (74,000 acres) had burned, before the latest round of fires, the ministry statement said. The latest fires did the most damage in western Spain, near the Portuguese border, the ministry said, adding that Spain had made considerable use of its fleet of 56 firefighting aircraft to contain the blazes. No deaths were reported in Spain due to the fires. But the heat wave gripping the nation has killed 12 people. The latest among them were four people in their 80s who succumbed to the heat in southern Spain.
Source: CNN News
06 August 2003
The heat was blamed for the deaths of four more people in Spain on Tuesday and strained power supplies in Italy as the population tried to stay cool. The high temperatures have stoked forest fires from Poland to the Iberian Peninsula, with Portugal’s blazes so extensive they can be seen in satellite pictures. Eleven wildfires raged in Spain’s southwestern region of Extremadura, five of them under control, officials said. Nearly 1,100 people in southwestern and northern Spain have been evacuated because of fires. German firefighters had largely put out blazes in the eastern state of Brandenburg by early Tuesday. However, authorities barred people from entering forests in parts of Brandenburg to lessen the risk of fire. Polish fire crews battled 35 forest blazes Monday and about a quarter of its woodlands were at serious risk of fire, authorities said. The alpine nation of Slovenia was also sweltering, with the capital Ljubljana registering a record 35th day this year of temperatures over 86 Fahrenheit.
Source: CNN News
Fire crews have brought Portugal’s wildfires mostly under control
06 August 2003
LISBON, Portugal — Fire crews have brought Portugal’s worst wildfires in a generation mostly under control — but forecasts of more soaring temperatures have sparked fears of new blazes. Antonio Gualdino, spokesman for the National Fire Coordination Center, told The Associated Press that firefighters and troops were patrolling forests to ensure the blazes were extinguished. Eleven people have been killed in the past 10 days by the fires. “It’s the calmest day so far … but we can’t let our guard down and lose what we’ve gained,” Gualdino said. Some 1,500 firefighters and about 600 vehicles, supported by 700 troops and dozens of aircraft, were on standby, Gualdino said. Strong winds have stoked fires that have destroyed about 54,000 hectares (133,400 acres) of forest, mostly in rural parts of central Portugal, according to the Forest Service. As well, a heat wave has raised temperatures above 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit) in many parts of the country, where summer temperatures normally hover around 35 degrees Celsius (95 Fahrenheit). Portugal asked NATO for planes and helicopters to help fight the fires. “It wasn’t a fire, it was hell. There are no words to describe this,” said Pedro Carvalho, who led about 140 firefighters against an overnight blaze at Degolados, a mountain village about 120 miles northeast of Lisbon, told Reuters. Pointing up a blackened hillside of charred pine and eucalyptus trees, he said flames had covered the slope in 10 minutes. “I’ve seen a lot, but I’ve never seen anything of this size,” the 20-year fire service veteran said as firefighters hosed down smouldering trees. “The men are worn out.” Forest fires have also claimed lives in France and Spain as a heat wave engulfs much of Europe. (French fires)
Source: CNN News
No let-up for Europe heatwave 05 August 2003
Europe is continuing to swelter under a heatwave which has sent temperatures soaring right across the region.
The blistering heat has sparked off a series of forest fires and set new records across the continent.
The Portuguese Government has asked Nato to provide water carrying helicopters and equipment to help hundreds of firefighters still battling to control the blazes in the central and southern parts of the country.
Two more bodies – those of a 62-year-old man and an elderly woman – were found on Tuesday, bringing the total number of dead in Portugal to 11. Smoke in some places is now so thick that planes and helicopters have been unable to fight the flames from the air. The fires are so bad they can be seen in satellite photos.
Temperatures in the country have hit 40C and with no sign of respite until next week at the earliest it is feared they could climb as high as 42C. In neighbouring Spain, temperatures in the southern cities of Seville and Cordoba topped 41C. Three elderly women in the region died from the effects of the heat, bringing the country’s total to 14.
In other parts of Europe:
Five deaths in Germany were blamed on the heat, which topped 40C in some places Mines left behind after the Bosnian war stopped firefighters battling a three-day-old blaze near Mostar Fifty-four of France’s 98 departments have requested state aid for drought-hit farmers Power cuts were imposed in Italy amid soaring demand Polish firefighters battled 35 forest blazes and said there was serious fire risk in about a quarter of the country’s woodlands Amsterdam highs edged towards 30C, prompting zoo officials to spray ostriches with cold water and feed iced fruit to chimpanzees Rail speed restrictions imposed in case tracks buckled in the heat were causing chaos and cancellations for UK rail travellers. There have been similar scenes in France, where this summer has been declared the hottest since World War II. “The current heat is totally exceptional – even for August,” Dominique Escale of France’s national weather service Meteo France, said. In the capital, Paris, residents have been taking to public fountains to cool off or seeking shelter in the shade of the Eiffel Tower. With pollution levels in the city being exacerbated by the searing heat police have been forced to impose stringent traffic speed restrictions. Slovenian temperatures are at their highest for a century and in Germany a record night-time high was registered on Monday.
Portugal fires destroy vast area 05 August 2003
Forest fires are continuing to burn across Portugal, despite the efforts of thousands of firefighters to contain the flames. Nine people have died, and more than 53,000 hectares of land have been destroyed so far in the fires, some of which have been burning for more than a week. The Portuguese Government has declared a national calamity – opening the way to those who have lost property to claim for compensation. The Portuguese firefighters’ association has called on the government to go a step further and declare a national emergency. Strong winds and record high temperatures have fanned the flames, while the dense smoke has limited the use of water-bombing aircraft. Woman is rescued from forest fires. The BBC’s Claire Marshall, in Porto Alegre, says 3,000 firefighters are continuing to do what they can to contain the blazes but many are exhausted. One local villager involved in fighting the blazes told the BBC that no-one had seen fires like this in living memory. Water-carrying planes sent by Italy, Morocco and Spain have dumped hundreds of tonnes of water onto the forests. It seems as if they are helping at least to contain the worst fires, our correspondent adds. “We are facing an exceptional situation,” Prime Minister Jose Durao Barroso said after an emergency Cabinet meeting. “It’s been brought about by absolutely exceptional weather conditions, so we have to respond with exceptional measures.” The government has pledged more than 110m euros ($124m) in aid for people who have lost their jobs and homes, for farmers who have lost crops and livestock and for local councils to rebuild infrastructure. Across the border in Spain, the death toll in the extreme heat rose to seven over the weekend. The victims are thought to have died from the effects of the heat. Temperatures in the southern region of Andalucia have risen above 40C (104F), with some towns recording their highest-ever temperatures. Forest fires have continued to burn in Extremadura, a remote region to the north which borders Portugal.
In other parts of Western Europe:
* Technicians doused the Fessenheim nuclear power station near Strasbourg, France, with cold water to prevent it overheating
* Police in the Ile de France region around Paris lowered speed limits from 50 km/h (30 mph) to 30 km/h because of ozone levels in the capital 65% above levels considered safe for humans
* Rail speed restrictions were imposed in the UK amid fears that tracks might buckle in the heat, as weather officials said midweek temperatures could surpass the country’s record of 37.1C (98.8F).
* This year’s wheat harvest in the Czech Republic, already hit by poor winter weather, was predicted to plummet to 2.7m tonnes – down from nearly 4m tonnes last year.
Despite the severity of the fires, the Portuguese prime minister rejected calls for the government to declare a national emergency, noting that emergency plans were in place in the three districts where the worst of the fires were concentrated. Officials say it is impossible to estimate how many homes have burned down. Portugal has also activated a European Union civil defence mechanism aimed at prompting rapid action by member states to supply manpower and equipment.
Forest fires near Athens 04 August 2003 (AP) On Monday a forest fire in Greece close to the capital Athens destroyed approximately 4.8 hectares forest land. According to authority data the fire which had already approached a populated area could be brought under control with a water helicopter. In the evening firefighters in Nea Makri contained a second fire northeast from Athens. Source: Yahoo Nachrichten
Portugal to declare fire ‘calamity’
04 August 2003 by Alison Roberts In Lisbon
Portugal’s Prime Minister has said his government will formally declare the forest fires raging across the country a public calamity, paving the way for compensation for those who have lost homes and other property. The fires have claimed nine lives in the past few days and destroyed thousands of hectares of forest. Prime Minister Jose Manuel Durao Barroso made the pledge to declare the fires a public calamity after talking to national fire chiefs on Sunday. The measure is to be approved at an extraordinary cabinet meeting on Monday. But the prime minister again rejected calls for the government to declare a national emergency, noting that emergency plans were in place in the three districts where the worst of the fires were concentrated. Fires are still burning in 15 of the country’s 18 districts and some are still out of control. Officials say it is impossible to estimate how many homes have burned down. With local fire brigades struggling to cope, Portugal has requested help from outside. Two firefighting planes from Italy and five from Morocco came into action on Sunday. Spain, where some of the fires started, also has firefighters helping their Portuguese colleagues. Portugal has also activated a European Union civil defence mechanism aimed at prompting rapid action by member states to supply manpower and equipment
Source: BBC News
Portugal declares fire desaster
04 August 2003
Nine people have been killed in Portugal in the last week as a heatwave continues in Europe from Russia to the Iberian Peninsula to Britain. The heat has killed at least 12 people in Spain and Germany and threatens to break national temperature records in France and Britain. Portuguese Prime Minister Jose Manuel Durao Barroso said the declaration of a national disaster, approved by the cabinet on Monday, would make more than 100 million euros ($113 million) available in disaster aid. “The situation the country is facing is exceptional, caused by absolutely exceptional climatic conditions,” he said. “That is why we have to act with exceptional measures.” Durao Barroso said Portugal would also seek disaster relief funding from the European Union. More than 2,300 firefighters, mostly volunteers, were tackling 72 blazes in Portugal, which is about one-third forest. Firefighters in Semideiro, a town of 1,500 people about 100 km (65 miles) northeast of Lisbon, battled to keep flames from a blazing pine forest away from houses. With afternoon temperatures reaching 40 C (104 F), they hoped a southerly wind would hold. “If the wind shifts from the south and changes to the north there could be a tragedy, since many towns are at risk,” firefighter Manuel Policarpo told Reuters. Fires in Spain’s Extremadura region, which borders Portugal, and the province of Avila forced hundreds of people to evacuate their homes. In Spain’s southern region of Andalucia, seven people have died from the heatwave since Thursday, a spokeswoman for the regional health service said. Most were elderly. Temperatures in the high 30s C (upper 90s F) caused five deaths in the northern German town of Holzminden over the weekend. Construction work on a soccer stadium in Munich was halted on Monday because engineers feared temperatures reaching 36 C (96.8 F) could cause cracks in the structure. In the eastern state of Brandenburg, about 30 hectares (74 acres) of forest were ablaze 60 km (37 miles) south of Berlin, forcing closure of a national road. In France, a spokeswoman for the state weather office said temperatures this week were expected to near the national record of 44 C (111.2 F) set in 1923. In Britain, temperatures threatened to top the 37.1 C (98.8 F) all-time high. Britain’s rail network slapped speed restrictions on a wide range of lines due to risk of rails buckling and warned of extended journey times. Speed limits were cut to 60 miles per hour (100 km) from the more usual 90 or 120 miles per hour and could go even lower. Some 431 fires were raging in Russia. Heavy rain has tamed blazes that devastated swathes of Siberia and the Russian Far East. Firefighters in Croatia battled fires on the Adriatic islands of Brac, Hvar and Bisevo, where temperatures reached 37 C (98.6 F). Blazes have burned an estimated 5,000 to 6,000 hectares (12,500 to 15,000 acres) of pine forests, olive groves and scrubland in southern Croatia since last week.
Source: BBC News