GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation

11 August 2003

GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis the total area burned by 11 August 2003 in the Russian Federation is 22.60 million hectares (ha). For comparison: The total area burned of the whole fire season 2002 was 11.7 million ha (see references at bottom of this web page).

Source of satellite data: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk (A.Sukhinin), in cooperation with EMERKOM of Russia (Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations).

Latest Satellite Images:

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Fires in Siberia
Heat signatures (red), burn scars (charcoal), and smoke plumes (light blue haze) are visible from fires burning Siberia (Russia).

Source: NASA/ OSEI

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The Siberian landscape is obscured by a veil of smoke from scores of fires burning across the region on 08 August  2003, 0105 GMT. This image of the fires (marked in red) was captured by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite.

Location of large forest fires in Russia for 07 August 2003

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This map is providing an overview of large fire locations in the Russian Federation. Details of fire locations reported by the regional airbases of Avialesookhrana and active fires detected by the MODIS sensors (on Terra and Aqua) are provided on two layers over a general Russian vegetation map – see:

Source: Avialesookhrana, Pushkino

Fire danger map for 11 August 2003 for the Central Siberia:

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Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Synoptic weather map for 11 August 2003 for the Russian Federation.

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 Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

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 Lightning data collected from 08 und 09 August 2003 Red dots are more powerful strikes and blue one are less.

Source: Avialesookhran and Technologies of Monitoring and Safety (TMS).

Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 11 August 2003

Still there are two regions under the strong fire activities in Russia. Those are Northern portion of Far East (Magadan, Chukotka and Kamchatka) and Eastern portion of Middle part of Ural Mountain (Sverdlovsk, Khanty- Mansiysk). According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 10 August 2003 a total of 221 fires affected 4,213 ha forested and 129 ha non-forested areas. 48 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 15 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started. Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 22,481 fires affected 1,861,245 ha forested and 382,727 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 23,437 fires had burnt 838,364 ha forested and 399,582 ha non-forested lands.)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

There are 21 fires in Chukotka on rain deer pastures.

 Large fires were reported in:
Krasnoiarsk-4 fires,  the biggest is 2,515 ha.
Khabarovsk-4 fires, the biggest is 1,550 ha.
Sakhalin-4 fires, the biggest is 3,500 ha.
Primorje-3 fires, the biggest is 1,200 ha.
Kamchatka-11 fires, the biggest is 2,915 ha.
Magadan-6 fires, the biggest is 20,000 ha.
Iakutia-8 fires, the biggest is 800 ha.
Chukotka-2 fires on the rain deer pastures. One of them 60,900 ha, other one 280,000 ha.

 Through all of Russia 2,032 people, 46 aircraft, 200 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

 Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  11 August 2003 (selection)

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Respublika Sakha Respublika Sakha Magadanskaya Oblast

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Magadanskaya Oblast Kazakhstan Kazakhstan

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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