GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation

06 August 2003

GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis the total area burned by 06 August 2003 in the Russian Federation is 22.35 million hectares (ha). For comparison: The total area burned of the whole fire season 2002 was 11.7 million ha (see references at bottom of this web page).

Source of satellite data: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk (A.Sukhinin), in cooperation with EMERKOM of Russia (Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations).

Latest Satellite Images:

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Fires in Siberia
The Siberian landscape is obscured by a veil of smoke from scores of fires burning across the region on 04 August  2003. This image of the fires (marked in red) was captured by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite. The high-resolution image provided above is 500 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response System provides this image at MODIS’ maximum spatial resolution of 250 meters.

Source: NASA/ EO

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Fires in Sibiria on 05 August 2003.


Location of large forest fires in Russia for 03 August 2003

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This map is providing an overview of large fire locations in the Russian Federation. Details of fire locations reported by the regional airbases of Avialesookhrana and active fires detected by the MODIS sensors (on Terra and Aqua) are provided on two layers over a general Russian vegetation map – see:

Source: Avialesookhrana, Pushkino

Fire danger map for 06 August 2003 for the Central Siberia:

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Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Synoptic weather map for 06 August 2003 for the Russian Federation.

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 Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

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 Lightning data collected from 31 July 2003 03:00 a.m. (Moscow times = GMT + 4 hrs). Red dots are more powerful strikes and blue one are less.

Source: Avialesookhran and Technologies of Monitoring and Safety (TMS).

Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 06 August 2003

Far East region is the most fire dangerous one. Especially Magadan, Chukotka and Kamchatka. Fire activities in Khabarovsk, Shakhalin and Primorie a little bit slow down. Cyclone has started moving to the European part of Russia so in western portions is raining now.  According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 5 August 2003 a total of 384 fires affected 4,395 ha forested and 63,120 ha non-forested areas (58,500 ha of them in Chukotka). 78 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 40 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started. Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 22,043 fires affected 1,834,572 ha forested and 435,495 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 22,728 fires had burnt 789,435 ha forested and 383,492 ha non-forested lands.)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:


Large fires were reported in:

Karelia –7 fires, the biggest is 180 ha.
Krasnoiarsk-6,  the biggest is 2,500 ha.
Khabarovsk-15 fires, the biggest is 5,200 ha, the  most of them are contained.
Sakhalin-7 fires, the biggest is 5,360 ha. All of them are contained.
Primorje-4 fires, the biggest is 1,200 ha.
Kamchatka-11 fires, the biggest is 2,905 ha.
Magadan-6 fires, the biggest is 20,000 ha.
Chukotka-2 fires on the rain dear pastures. One of them 58,500 ha, other one 275,000 ha.

Through all of Russia 3,851 people, 86 aircraft, 533 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), prepared at GFMC by Mr. Yevgheny Shuktomov.

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  06 August 2003 (selection)

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Irkutskaya Oblast Krasnoyarskiy Kray Krasnoyarskiy Kray

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Respublika Buriatia Magadanskaya Oblast Magadanskaya Oblast

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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