Missouri Breaks Complex Fire
The Missouri Breaks Complex Fire continued to grow on 21 July 2003. Thefire had reached 105,000 acres as of July 22, and was still only 10 percentcontained. Evacuations were still in effect as the complex of fires threatenedat least 50 homes. This image is from the Terra MODIS sensor on 21 July , andshows active fires marked in red.
Fires in Washington
Monday afternoon, the ModerateResolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aquasatellite detected several large fires burning across the Pacific Northwest.Marked with red outlines, the largest of the fires in the scene is the Fawn PeakComplex Fire in northern Washington (image center). This complex consisted ofthree firesthe Fawn Peak, Farewell Fire, and Sweetgrass Firestarted bylightning on 29 June 2003. As of July 16, the Fawn Peak and SweetgrassFires were under control, but the Farewell Creek Fire continues to grow rapidlyin the steep, dry, and rugged terrain of the Pasayten Wilderness. The fire wasclose to 50,000 acres as of Monday, July 21, when this image was captured by thesatellite.
The National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC) based in Boise (Idaho) provides key information on current wildland fire situations, related information and background materials. The following information is updated daily and can be accessed directly:
State-by-State daily and year-to-date summary of fire activities
Year-to-date State-by-State total number of wildland fires and area burned (table)
Daily locations of large fires (map)
Incident Management Situation Reports (fires and area burned reported to NICC). The files include current, previous and archived reports
Prescribed Fire and Wildland Fire Use (year-to-date fires and area burned reported to NICC, posted weekly on Monday mornings)
Archived NICC Incident Management Reports (recent daily reports and archived daily reports 1994-1997) are provided by the Center for International Disaster Information (CIDI)
The NationalWildfire Information Interagencyprovides detailed information on each individual state with active fires.
Fire Weather & Fire Danger Information
TheWildland Fire Assessment System (WFAS) is a contribution of “The Fire Behavior Research Work Unit”, Missoula (Montana USA). The broad area component of the Wildland Fire Assessment System (WFAS) generates maps of selected fire weather and fire danger components.
Fire Danger (Potential) is a normalized adjective rating class across different fuel models and station locations. It is based on information provided by local station managers about the primary fuel model, fire danger index selected to reflect staffing level, and climatological class breakpoints. Low danger (Class 1) is green and extreme potential (Class 5) is red.
fire danger (observed time) fire danger (forecasted)
Latest fire dangermap for the United States (observation time) and forecasted fire danger map forthe subsquent day
Dead fuel moisture responds solely to ambient environmental conditions and is critical in determining fire potential. Dead fuel moistures are classed by timelag.
Latest fuel moisture maps for conterminousUS
The Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI) is a soil/duffdrought index. Factors in the index are maximum daily temperature, dailyprecipitation, antecedent precipitation, and annual precipitation. The indexranges from 0 (no drought) to 800 (extreme drought) (details).
Latest Keetch-Byram drought index map for conterminousUS
For more Satellite Images displaying recent fires in the US, please visit NASA´SEarth Observatory at:
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?topic=fire. EarthObservatory provides MODIS and Landsat Scenes of fires allover the planet.
Long-range weather forecasts National Weather Service Long-range, 30-day weather forecasts are predicting above-normal temperatures for the southern tier of states from southern California to Florida and throughout the Midwest (see 30 and 90-day forecast maps).
30 and 90-day temperature and precipitation forecast maps(August to October 2003)
(Source: National Weather Service)
For further information see: Wildfire Season Forecast of the Florida Division of Forestry
For further information you may also see to the U.S. Drought Monitor.