GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation

11 Jul 2003

GFMC General Situation Assessment  (25 May 2003)

GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis the total area burned by 06 July 2003 in the Russian Federation is 20.47 million hectares (ha). For comparison: The total area burned of the whole fire season 2002 was 11.7 million ha (see references at bottom of this web page). The regions most affected are:

– Chitinskaya Oblast – 6.47 million ha

– Buryatiya Republic – 4.09 million ha

– Amurskaya Oblast – 2.79 million ha

During the last week the situation in the region calmed down due to favourable weather. Widespread cloud cover in the regions around Lake Baikal do not allow to receive complete satellite images.

Source of satellite data: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk (A.Sukhinin), in cooperation with EMERKOM of Russia (Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations).

Latest satellite Images:

BIRD satellite scene showing fires burning in Krasnoyarsk region on 9 and 11 July 2003. This scene is a non geo-referenced BIRD 3.8 µm channel brightness temperature image (without any false alarm filtering applied) with color coding above 320 K pixel temperature (i.e., the hot areas are not necessarily representing active fires. Hot areas may include freshly burned sites). All pixels with a temperature over 326 K are blue and for higher temperatures getting blue – red.

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9 July 2003

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11 July 2003

Source: DLR

Location of large forest fires in Russia for 10 July 2003

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This map is providing an overview of large fire locations in the Russian Federation. Details of fire locations reported by the regional airbases of Avialesookhrana and active fires detected by the MODIS sensors (on Terra and Aqua) are provided on two layers over a general Russian vegetation map – see:

Source: Avialesookhrana, Pushkino

Fire danger map for 11 July 2003 for the Central Siberia:

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Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Synoptic weather map for 11 July 2003 for the Russian Federation.

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 Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 11 July 2003

Fire activities in Chita, Buriatia with out big changes.Still lot of large fires on that regions. Too smoke in Southern part of Chita regions. It is growing up the fire activities in Irkutsk, Krsnoyarsk, Tuva and Khantu-Mansiysk regions. There were started lot of new fires for the last day in that regions: in Irkutsk-40 fires, Krasnoyarsk-18 fires, Tuva-12, Khantu-Mansiysk-18 fires.

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 10 July 2003 a total of 660 fires affected 10,350 ha forested and 755 ha non-forested areas. 132 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 25 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.

Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 18,607 fires affected 1,563,456 ha forested and 314,900 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 17,528 fires had burnt 527,124 ha forested and 296,618 ha non-forested lands.)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

  • Chita region – 53 fires

  • Buriatia – 65

  • Irkutsk – 215

  • Krasnoiarsk-79

  • Tuva-54

  • Tomsk-15

  • Khabarovsk-28

  • Sakhalin-28

  • Primorje-22

  • Magadan-8

  • Kamchatka-15

  • Khanty –Mansiysk-30

Large fires were reported in:

  • Chita region – 37 fires, the biggest is 13,900 ha. 16 of them are contained.

  • Irkutsk –28 fires, the biggest is 8,500 ha.

  • Buriatia 23 fires, the biggest is 3,050 ha.

  • Krasnojarsk-11 fires, the biggest is 7,500 ha.

  • Tuva-4 fires, the biggest is 220 ha.

  • Khabarovsk-5 fires, the biggest is 3,900 ha.

  • Sakhalin-8 fires, the biggest is 5,200 ha.

  • Primorje-8 fires, the biggest is 11,100 ha.

  • Kamchatka-3 fires, the biggest is 420 ha.

Through all of Russia 7,454 people, 101 aircraft, 1065 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), prepared at GFMC by Mr. Yevgheny Shuktomov.

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  10 July 2003 (selection)

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Irkutskaya Oblast Irkutskaya Oblast Irkutskaya Oblast

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Krasnoyarkiy Kray  Krasnoyarkiy Kray  Respublika Tuva

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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