GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis the total area burned by 23 June 2003 in the Russian Federation is 19.30 million hectares (ha). For comparison: The total area burned of the whole fire season 2002 was 11.7 million ha (see references at bottom of this web page). The regions most affected are:
– Chitinskaya Oblast 6.30 million ha
– Buryatiya Republic 3.92 million ha
– Amurskaya Oblast 2.78 million ha
Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk (A.Sukhinin), in cooperation with EMERKOM of Russia (Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations).
The Situation in the south of the Russian Federation has escalated in the last two weeks. Satellite images show hundreds of wildfires burning out of control. Severe smoke pollution is affecting Mongolia, eastern China and is stretching to the Pacific Ocean. See also updates of the previous days at:
Latest Satellite Images:
Satellite Terra 22 June 2003, Pixel size 1km
Fires in south eastern Russia
In south eastern Russia (near chinese border), scores of fires are burning. This Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from the Auqa and Terra satellite shows active fires marked with red dots. The fires are producing rivers of smoke which extend far to the south into China and have spread eastward over the Pacific Ocean.
Synoptic weather map for 23 June 2003 for the Russian Federation.
Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.
Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)
Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 19 June 2003
Fire activities retain still severe in Chita, Buriatia, Irkutsk regions. For the last day were some rains in Irkutsk and Buriatia regions.
According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 19 June 2003 a total of 481 fires affected 18,092 ha forested and 1,514 ha non-forested areas. 86 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 36 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.
Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 15,538 fires affected 1,269,380 ha forested and 292,543 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 14,990 fires had burnt 441,838 ha forested and 246,414 ha non-forested lands.)
Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Chita region – 103 fires
Buriatia – 56
Irkutsk – 181
Large fires were reported in:
Chita region – 75 fires, the biggest is 16,600 ha. 32 of them are contained.
Irkutsk 35 fires, the biggest is 6,000 ha.
Buriatia 24 fires, the biggest is 1,600 ha. 14 of them are contained.
Khabarovsk-7 fires, the biggest is 3,070 ha.
Tuva-12 fires, the biggest is 3,500 ha.
Iakutia-11 fires, the biggest is 5,700 ha.
Through all of Russia 6,402 people, 73 aircraft, 958 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.
Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at: https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm
Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries
Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.
Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days
Latest maps maps showing fire activities of 22 June 2003 (selection)
Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia: One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter). Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.