Weatherconditions through 11 June 2003 were dry, windy, and relatively unstableatmosphere resulting in active flame fronts and convection columns buildingbetween 12:00h and 17:00h each day and then strong inversions developingovernight and into the morning hours, usually breaking up around 10am. For 12 June 2003, overcast skies, stagnate air and higher humidities have reducedthe activity and spread of some fires, however smouldering continues in heavierfuel accumulations.
OnThursday, 12 June 2003, the Governor of Riau hosted a meeting to discuss thecurrent smoke/haze and fire situation with more than 150 people in attendanceincluding Bupati’s, representatives from the National Government, as well asprivate forest concessions. Presentations were made by the Governor, the AirForce and the Haze Prevention Group which were followed by discussion. The main results of the meeting were to:
1.Acknowledge that the problem exists and occurs annually
2. Socializing and enforcing existing no burn policies is very difficult
3. Existing firefighting capacities are limited in terms of organization,training, equipment, etc.
4. That a coordinated effort between all stakeholders (government, concessions,local communities) is needed to develop an Integrated Fire Management System toeffectively prevent and suppress unwanted fires
5. A small committee be formed to begin taking the initial steps to moreeffectively manage the current situation.
6. Hope that rain would soon come to “put-out” the fires
Latest Satellite Images:
This MODIS scene from 12 June 2003 showing fires burning in Sumatra, Indonesia. Click on the image to see a 500m resolution.
Heat signatures (red), and smoke (light blue haze) are visible from fires burning in Kalimantan, Indonesia in this NOAA-12 image.
I. Monitoring of Smoke-Haze and Active Fires (land-use fires and wildfires)
Regional Smoke-Haze Monitoring
The Meteorological ServicesDivision of Singapore provides a daily updated schematic of areasaffected by fires and smoke haze within the South East Asian region.Additionally, regional surface winds are displayed.
Latest map of surface winds andsmoke haze/hot spots observed over cloud-free areas
(Source: Meteorological ServicesDivision of Singapore)
Forecastsof winds and surface pressure for the South East Asian region basedon Numerical Weather Product Models are also providedby Meteorological ServicesDivision of Singapore.
Fire Activity Monitoring in Borneo(Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak)
Latest fire overview map for Borneo
(Source: IFFM FireMaps)
Fire Activity Monitoring in Mainland SE Asia
The Asia Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation using Earth ObservationSatellite (ANDES) provides daily fire maps of mainland and insular South EastAsia. The latest maps can be accessed through the ANDESwebsite. The map below shows the latest fire map of mainland SE Asia(Thailand, Myanmar, Lao, Cambodia, Viet Nam).
LatestANDESfire location map of mainland South East Asia.
The map is generated on the basis of two satellite sensors (NOOA-AVHRR, DMSP/OLS).
II. Fire Weather and Fire Danger Monitoring and Early Warning
The GFMC displays selected and daily updated global andAsia-Pacific ExperimentalClimate Prediction Center (ECPC) Fire Weather Forecasts.These examples allow a quicklook and provide daily and weekly total forecastsand forecasted monthly totals. For background information refer to the ECPCproducts description page.
tomorrow week monthly
Fire Weather Index (FWI) forecast for thisweek (left) and the predictedFWI total for next month (right) for the Western Pacific (1-3) and the PacificOcean (4-6) regions.
The weekly total forecast and the monthly forecasted total refer to 00:00 hrsUTC,which is local noon at dateline (180° longitude). Forecast time is 12:00 hrsnoon UTC (Greenwich)corresponding to local evening time in mainland and insular SE Asia.
(Source: ECPCFire Weather Index Forecast)
Average Fire Danger for all six location: Moderate.
The Readiness level for East Kalimantan based and determined on Fire Danger Rating System (BMG), Hotspot , Weather Forecast ( www.weather.com ), Observed Smoke and Haze, Surface winds, Fire activities report from local fire services is at the alert III
Haze Prevention Group
The industrial initiative to combat haze in SE Asia provides a website which includes information about the objectives of this industrial initiative and projects implemented to reduce wildfires and haze in Indonesia.
The ASEAN Haze Action Online provides the following information:
Monitoring: Hyperlinks to institutions involved in regional monitoring and prediction of fire and smoke haze