GFMC analysis: According to the latest satellite-derived analysis the total area burned by 31 May 2003 in the Russian Federation is 15,38 million hectares (ha). For comparison: The total area burned of the whole fire season 2002 was 11.7 million ha (see references at bottom of this web page). The regions most affected are:
– Chitinskaya Oblast 5,05 million ha
– Buryatiya Republic 3,15 million ha
– Amurskaya Oblast 2.68 million ha
Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk (A.Sukhinin), in cooperation with EMERKOM of Russia (Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations).
The Situation in the south of the Russian Federation has escalated in the last two weeks. Satellite images show hundreds of wildfires burning out of control. Severe smoke pollution is affecting Mongolia, eastern China and is stretching to the Pacific Ocean. See also updates of the previous days at:
Latest Satellite Image:
Fires Surrounding Lake Baikal
Fires surrounding Lake Baikal in southeastern Russia continue to burn largely out of control on May 30, 2003. This true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) from the Terra satellite shows active fires marked with red dots all around the lake. Huge, dark burn scars mark the forests in the region, and smoke streams across Mongolia (below left) and China (right). The high-resolution image provided above is 500 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response System provides this image at MODIS maximum spatial resolution of 250 meters.
Synoptic weather map for 30 May 2003 for the Russian Federation.
Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.
Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)
Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 29 May 2003
For the last days fire activities retain still very severe in Chita, Buriatia, Irkutsk regions. Still low fire activity in European part of Russia. The reason for it are late spring and wet weather.
According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 29 May 2003 a total of 378 fires affected 28,309 ha forested and 1,434 ha non-forested areas. 90 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 128 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.
Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 11,993 fires affected 682,861 ha forested and 197,517 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 11,012 fires had burnt 319,719 ha forested and 165,880 ha non-forested lands.)
Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Chita region – 103 fires
Buriatia – 46
Irkutsk – 155
Large fires were reported in:
Amur-10 fires, the biggest is 3,000 ha.
Chita region – 75 fires, the biggest is 14,000 ha. 25of them-are contained. 11 large fires were put out for last day.
Buriatia 15 fires, the biggest is 4,000 ha.
Altay 3 fires, the biggest is 1,800 ha.
Irkutsk -39 fires, the biggest is 2,000 ha.
Kamchatka-3 fires, the biggest is 3,050 ha.
Through all of Russia 5,673 people, 57 aircraft, 988 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.
Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at: https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm
Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries
Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.
Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days
Latest maps maps showing fire activities of 31 May 2003 (selection)
Chitinskaya Oblast Chitinskaya Oblast Buryatiya Republic
Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia: One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter). Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.