GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

19 May 2003


Latest Satellite Images:

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Satellite Terra
17 May 2003, 0355 AM
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True Color Satellite Terra
17 May 2003, 0355 AM
Pixel size 2km
Bands 7-2-1 Satellite Terra
18 May 2003, 0435 AM
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True Color Satellite Aqua
18 May 2003, 0440 AM
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True Color

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Satellite Terra
19 May 2003, 0340 AM
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True Color Satellite Terra
19 May 2003, 0340 AM
Pixel size 1km
Bands 7-2-1 Satellite Terra
19 May 2003, 0345 AM
Pixel size 500m
True Color

 

Fires in south eastern Russia
In south eastern Russia (near chinese border), scores of fires are burning. This Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from the Auqa and Terra satellite shows active fires marked with red dots. The fires are producing rivers of smoke which extend far to the south into China and have spread eastward over the Pacific Ocean.  

Source: MODIS

 

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. 
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

 

Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 15  May 2003

For the last days fire activities retain still very severe in Chita region. Pretty good fire activities in Amur, Irkutsk, Buriatia, Iakutia, Krasnoiarsk, Altaiy regions. In Europea part of Russia are staying nice , sunny weather so fires have started up to Leningrad and Karelia regions. But it are spring fires yet.

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 15 May 2003 a total of 618 fires affected 16,352 ha forested and 3,576 ha non-forested areas. 196 fires of them were reported as new fires. In addition 141 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.

Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 8,409 fires affected 391,441 ha forested and 150,362 ha non-forested land under the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 7,928 fires had burnt 118,445 ha forested and 60,496 ha non-forested lands.)

 Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

  • Chita region – 161 fires

  • Iakutia-63

  • Buriatia – 69

  • Irkutsk – 140

  • Amur – 34

  • Altay-40

  • Krasnoiarsk-45

  • Vologda-27

  • Karelia-10

  • Vladimir-15

  • Tver-14

  • Moscow-7

Large fires were reported in:

  • Amur-3 fires, the biggest is 430 ha.

  • Chita region – 120 fires, the biggest is 9,000 ha. 54 of them-are contained. 11 large fires were put out for last day.

  • Buriatia 18 fires, the biggest is 610 ha.

  • Iakutia-3, the biggest is-2,500 ha.

  • Altay 7 fires, the biggest is 1,000 ha. All of them in contained stage.

  • Irkutsk -8 fires, the biggest is 155 ha.

Through all of Russia 8,034 people, 58 aircraft, 1,418 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.


Source:
Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)

 

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
https://gfmc.online/fwf/eurasia1.htm

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

 

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

 

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Overview

Latest maps maps showing fire activities (selection)

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Krasnoyarskiy Kray  Krasnoyarskiy Kray  Irkutskaya Oblast

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Irkutskaya Oblast Irkutskaya Oblast Chitinskaya Oblast

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Chitinskaya Oblast Chitinskaya Oblast Buryatiya Republic

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:

 

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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