The widespread and intense biomass burning ocurring throughout southeast Asia is producing high concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), as shown in this image of observations by the Measurements of Pollution in The Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument on NASAs Terra satellite. This false-color image shows the mixing ratios of CO at an altitude of about 3 km (700 hPa) averaged from April 3-13, 2003. Gray areas indicate where no data are available, either due to cloud cover or the surface elevation being higher than 3 km (such as over the Himalayas).
The highest mixing ratios are seen over Myanmar, southern China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. Carbon monoxide levels as high as 330 parts per billion by volume of air (red pixels) were measured. The pollution is seen being carried out over the Gulf of Tonking and the Island of Hainan.
The Meteorological ServicesDivision of Singapore provides a daily updated schematic of areasaffected by fires and smoke haze within the South East Asian region.Additionally, regional surface winds are displayed.
Latest map of surface winds andsmoke haze/hot spots observed over cloud-free areas (Source: Meteorological ServicesDivision of Singapore)
Forecastsof winds and surface pressure for the South East Asian region basedon Numerical Weather Product Models are also providedby Meteorological ServicesDivision of Singapore.
The Integrated Forest Fire Management Project (IFFM) in Samarinda provides regulary updatedmaps generated by NOAA-AVHRR showing active land-use fires and wildfires inBrunei and the Indonesian and Malaysian provinces on BorneoIsland.
Latest fire overview map for Borneo (Source: IFFM FireMaps)
Based on data from sixweather stations (Indonesian Meterological Service) the following Fire Dangersituation has been determined.
Average Fire Danger for all six location: Moderate. Samarinda: Moderate Balikpapan: Low Tanjung Selor:High Tarakan:Moderate Tanjung Redep:Moderate Nunukan:Moderate
The Readiness level for East Kalimantan based and determined on Fire DangerRating System (BMG), Hotspot , Weather Forecast (www.weather.com),Observed Smoke and Haze, Surface winds, Fire activities report from local fireservices is Siaga Normal.
The Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project (FFPCP) The Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project (FFPCP) in Palembang (Sumatra) closed on 30 November 2001. The South Sumatra Forest Fire Management Project (SSFFMP) is expected to start within the second half of the year 2002 and will continue the work of FFPCP. Meanwhile the daily fire map (hot-spot) and monthly drought index for Sumatra will continue to be updated from time to time.
South East AsiaFire Monitoring by ANDES The Asia Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation using Earth ObservationSatellite (ANDES) provides daily fire maps of mainland and insular South EastAsia. The latest maps can be accessed through the ANDESwebsite. The map below shows the latest fire map of mainland SE Asia(Thailand, Myanmar, Lao, Cambodia, Viet Nam).
LatestANDESfire location map of mainland South East Asia. The map is generated on the basis of two satellite sensors (NOOA-AVHRR, DMSP/OLS). Source: ANDES
The GFMC displays selected and daily updated global andAsia-Pacific ExperimentalClimate Prediction Center (ECPC) Fire Weather Forecasts.These examples allow a quicklook and provide daily and weekly total forecastsand forecasted monthly totals. For background information refer to the ECPCproducts description page.
Fire Weather Index (FWI) forecast for thisweek (left) and the predictedFWI total for next month (right) for the Western Pacific (1-3) and the PacificOcean (4-6) regions. The weekly total forecast and the monthly forecasted total refer to 00:00 hrsUTC,which is local noon at dateline (180° longitude). Forecast time is 12:00 hrsnoon UTC (Greenwich)corresponding to local evening time in mainland and insular SE Asia. (Source: ECPCFire Weather Index Forecast)
Haze Prevention Group The industrial initiative to combat haze in SE Asia provides a website which includes information about the objectives of this industrial initiative and projects implemented to reduce wildfires and haze in Indonesia.
The ASEAN Haze Action Online provides the following information:
Monitoring: Hyperlinks to institutions involved in regional monitoring and prediction of fire and smoke haze