GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

14 April 2003

Latest Satellite Image  from  Russia:


Dust Storm and Fires in Kazakhstan
North of the Caspian Sea (bottom) in Kazakhstan, a dust storm was blowing over the arid plains on 9 April 2003. The swath of dust is sharply defined on its eastern end, and trails off to the northwest. At the western edge of the Caspian Sea, fires (red dots) were detected in the Volga River Delta by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite

Source: EO




Fires in Eastern Russia
Thick smoke hangs over part of Russia (top) and China (left) in this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from the Terra satellite on April 10, 2003. Fires are burning throughout the region, and have been marked with red dots. Smoke from the fires is spreading eastward toward Japan, especially noticeable around Hokkaido, at right center edge. The high-resolution image provided above is 500 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response System provides this image at MODIS’ maximum spatial resolution of 250 meters.

Source: EO



Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. 
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)



Latest fire situation report by the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana), 13 April 2003

Fire activities retain in Chita and in Buriatia. Although decreasing temperatures have been recorded in Chita, associated with occasional snowfall, the fire danger class is still level III.

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 13 April 2003 a total of 125 fires affected 1,321 ha forested and 84 ha non-forested areas. In addition 7 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.

Since the beginning of the 2003 fire season a total of 990 fires affected 23,557 ha forested and 15,118 ha non-forested land und the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources. (For comparison: Last year up to this date 466 fires had burnt 1,789 ha forested and 1,452 ha non-forested lands.)

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:

Chita – 111 fires
Buriatia – 17 fires

35 fires in Chita region were reported as large fires, the largest was 290 ha. 27 fires are in contained stage.

Through all of Russia (mostly in Chita region) 1770 people, 7 aircraft, 273 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)


Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries


Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.


ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries


Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Latest maps maps showing fire activities (selection)

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Buryatlya Republic Buryatlya Republic Amurskaya Oblast

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Chitinskaya Oblast Kazakhstan Kazakhstan

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation:


Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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