The European Qualifications Framework (EQF) is a voluntary reference system designed to fit the multitude of qualifications across Europe into a coherent framework based on learning outcomes. The purpose of the EQF is to make qualifications more transparent and readable across sectors and countries.
The EQF does this by setting qualifications into a series of reference levels (1 – 8), from basic to advanced. The eight reference levels are described in terms of learning outcomes, split into knowledge, skills and competence.
By 2010 countries will be asked to relate their national qualifications systems to the EQF. By 2012 each individual certificate should have an indication of the EQF reference level.
The likely benefits of engagement with the EQF process are:
Improved matching of employers needs with qualifications across Europe
Improved validation of informal learning, especially for individuals who have learned through extensive experience from work or other fields of activity.
Improved labour mobility between countries
To enables industries, like fire management, that are common to all EU countries to work towards common standards & qualifications
Statements of what a learner knows, understands and is able to do on completion of a learning process, which are defined in terms of knowledge, skills and competence
The outcome of the assimilation of information through learning.
Knowledge is the body of facts, principles, theories and practices that is related to a field of work or study either theoretical and/or factual
The ability to apply knowledge and use know-how to complete tasks and solve problems either cognitive or practical.
The use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking
Involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools
The proven ability to use knowledge, skills and personal, social and/
or methodological abilities, in work or study situations, described in terms of responsibility and autonomy.
EuroFire and the EQF
The EuroFire project has developed a series of pilot competency standard units that describe the core learning outcomes an operator may be expected to have at Level 2. No qualification to support the delivery of the learning outcomes has been developed. The principle of “subsidiarity” applies with qualifications the responsibility of individual states and sectors.
Level 2 EQF Descriptors
The six EuroFire competency standards and four training modules have been developed to support crew members operating at Level 2.
The EQF Level 2 descriptors are:
basic factual knowledge of a field of work or study
basic cognitive and practical skills required to use relevant information in order to carry out tasks and to solve routine problems using simple rules and tools
work or study under supervision with some autonomy