EuroFire Materials for the Use in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia
Towards Capacitating Fire and Rescue Services in Fire Management and Local Rural Communities in Self-Defense against Wildfires
In the Western Balkans rural settlements (villages, towns, scattered farmsteads) and other rural assets (agricultural fields / crops, infrastructures and other values at risk) are increasingly endangered by wildfires. This trend is driven by the consequences of land-use change, regional climate change and particularly by the rural exodus, which has resulted in the weakening of rural work force and self-protection ability, and increasing wildfire hazard on abandoned lands.
Recent major wildfire disasters in Europe reveal that government authorities (fire and rescue services, forest services and other land management authorities) and civil society, notably rural communities, are not sufficiently prepared to prevent and reduce the risk of wildfires, to defend rural communities and rural assets at risk, and to protect human health and altogether human security against the adverse direct and indirect impacts and consequences of wildfires.
Furthermore, GFMC has developed guidelines that provide information to local inhabitants (farmers, community leaders, local fire service units, volunteer firefighters and village defense committees) with state-of-the-art information on wildfire damage prevention measures, and pragmatic measures for the defense of settlements and rural assets threatened by wildfires.
In 2016 the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) provided the translation of the EuroFire materials and the Guidelines.